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#28993274   2017/10/10 Save this To Up

In situ hybridization detection methods for HPV16 E6/E7 mRNA in identifying transcriptionally active HPV infection of oropharyngeal carcinoma: an updating.

The aim of this study is comparing two in situ hybridization (ISH) detection methods for human papilloma virus (HPV) 16 E6/E7 mRNA, i.e. the RNAscope® 2.0 High Definition (HD) and the upgraded RNAscope® 2.5 HD version. The RNAscope® 2.5 HD has recently replaced the RNAscope® 2.0 HD detection kit. Therefore, this investigation starts from the need to analytically validate the new mRNA ISH assay and, possibly, to refine the current algorithm for HPV detection in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) with the final goal to apply it to daily laboratory practice. The study was based on HPV status and on generated data, interpreted by a scoring algorithm. The results highlighted that the compared RNAscope HPV tests had a good level of interchangeability and enabled to identify OSCC that are truly driven by high risk-HPV infection. This was also supported by the comparison of the RNAscope HPV test with HPV E6/E7 mRNA real time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), in a fraction of cases where material for HPV E6/E7 mRNA real time RT-PCR was available. Furthermore, the algorithm that associates p16 immunohistochemistry (IHC) with the identification of HPV mRNA by RNAscope was more effective than the one that associated p16 IHC with the identification of HPV DNA by ISH.

1015 related Products with: In situ hybridization detection methods for HPV16 E6/E7 mRNA in identifying transcriptionally active HPV infection of oropharyngeal carcinoma: an updating.

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#28869107   2017/09/04 Save this To Up

Molecular characterization of a series of solitary fibrous tumors, including immunohistochemical expression of STAT6 and NATB2-STAT6 fusion transcripts, using Reverse Transcriptase(RT)-Polymerase chain reaction(PCR) technique: An Indian experience.

A solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is characterized by a diverse clinicopathologic spectrum. Recent studies have unraveled STAT6 as a useful diagnostic immunohistochemical (IHC) marker for a SFT and NAB2-STAT6 as its specific gene fusion transcript. Thirty-three SFTs were tested for STAT6 immunostaining by polymer detection technique. STAT6 immunoexpression was further graded, based on intensity (mild, moderate and strong) and percentage of immunopositive tumor cells, ranging from 1 to 25%(1+); 26-50%(2+); 51-75%(3+) and in more than 75%(4+) tumor nuclei. These cases along with 17 other tumors were tested for 8 variants of NAB2-STAT6, using qualitative endpoint reverse-transcriptase (RT)-PCR technique. RNA extraction was performed using Recover All Total nucleic acid extraction kit. The selected cases were screened for all the 8 fusion variants, using 8 primer pairs for NAB2 and STAT6 genes. Thirty-three SFTs occurred in 18 men and 15 women (M: F=1.2:1), with age varying from 13 to 74 years(average=49.6); across various body sites. Immunohistochemically, most SFTs (30/33) (90.9%) displayed moderate to strong immunostaining for STAT6, including 3+ and 4+ immunostaining patterns in 27/33 (81.8%) tumors. By RT-PCR, 30/33(90.9%) cases of SFT were positive for NAB2-STAT6 fusions, including NAB2ex4/STAT6ex2 (7cases), NAB2ex7/STAT6ex2 (7cases), NAB2ex6/STAT6ex3 (6cases), NAB2ex6/SAT6ex16 (4cases), NAB2ex3/STAT6ex19 (4cases), NAB2ex6/STAT6ex17 (single case), NAB2ex4/STAT6ex4 (single case) and NAB2ex6/STAT6ex18 (none). NAB2-STAT6 fusions were not observed in 9 cases of synovial sarcoma, 4 of Ewing sarcoma, 2 of MPNST and 2 cases of dedifferentiated liposarcomas (100% specificity). On comparing with clinical outcomes, more cases (7/11)(63.6%) of classic SFT were associated with favorable outcomes, while more cases(5/8)(62%) of atypical and malignant SFTs were associated with aggressive outcomes. This study reinforces high sensitivity and specificity of NAB2-STAT6 fusion and its correlation with strong and diffuse IHC expression of STAT6 in a SFT, irrespective of its occurrence in various body sites and its histopathologic types. NAB2ex4-STAT6ex2 and NAB2ex7-STAT6ex2 fusions were relatively more frequently observed in our patients. Atypical and malignant SFTs, together, were more frequently associated with relatively aggressive clinical outcomes.

1321 related Products with: Molecular characterization of a series of solitary fibrous tumors, including immunohistochemical expression of STAT6 and NATB2-STAT6 fusion transcripts, using Reverse Transcriptase(RT)-Polymerase chain reaction(PCR) technique: An Indian experience.

HIV 1 reverse transcripta STAT6 (Phospho Tyr641) An STAT6 (Phospho Thr645) An STAT6 (Ab 641) Antibody H STAT6 (Ab 645) Antibody H Stat6 Antibody Stat6 Polyclonal Antibody Phospho-Stat6 Antibody Phospho Stat6 Antibody Rabbit anti STAT6 (Ab-641 Rabbit anti STAT6 (Ab-645 STAT6(phospho Y641) & STA

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#28763012   2017/08/01 Save this To Up

Performance of a RT-PCR Assay in Comparison to FISH and Immunohistochemistry for the Detection of ALK in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.

Patients with lung cancers harboring an activating anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) rearrangement respond favorably to ALK inhibitor therapy. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) are validated and widely used screening tests for ALK rearrangements but both methods have limitations. The ALK RGQ RT-PCR Kit (RT-PCR) is a single tube quantitative real-time PCR assay for high throughput and automated interpretation of ALK expression. In this study, we performed a direct comparison of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) lung cancer specimens using all three ALK detection methods. The RT-PCR test (diagnostic cut-off ΔCt of ≤8) was shown to be highly sensitive (100%) when compared to FISH and IHC. Sequencing of RNA detected full-length ALK transcripts or EML4-ALK and KIF5B-ALK fusion variants in discordant cases in which ALK expression was detected by the ALK RT-PCR test but negative by FISH and IHC. The overall specificity of the RT-PCR test for the detection of ALK in cases without full-length ALK expression was 94% in comparison to FISH and sequencing. These data support the ALK RT-PCR test as a highly efficient and reliable diagnostic screening approach to identify patients with non-small cell lung cancer whose tumors are driven by oncogenic ALK.

2466 related Products with: Performance of a RT-PCR Assay in Comparison to FISH and Immunohistochemistry for the Detection of ALK in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.

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#28591398   2017/06/07 Save this To Up

High prevalence of norovirus in children with sporadic acute gastroenteritis in Manaus, Amazon Region, northern Brazil.

Norovirus (NoV) is a major cause of acute gastroenteritis (AGE) worldwide, especially in children under five years. Studies involving the detection and molecular characterisation of NoV have been performed in Brazil, demonstrating its importance as an etiological agent of AGE.

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#28224385   2017/02/22 Save this To Up

Evaluation of real-time RT-PCR assays for detection and quantification of norovirus genogroups I and II.

Noroviruses are the leading cause of acute gastroenteritis in humans. Real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (real-time RT-PCR) is a promising molecular method for the detection of noroviruses. In this study, the performance of three TaqMan real-time RT-PCR assays was assessed, which were one commercially available real-time RT-PCR kit (assay A: Norovirus Real Time RT-PCR kit) and two in-house real-time RT-PCR assays (assay B: LightCycler RNA Master Hybprobe and assay C: RealTime ready RNA Virus Master). Assays A and B showed higher sensitivity than assay C for norovirus GI, while they all had the same sensitivity (10(3) DNA copies/mL) for GII DNA standard controls. Assay B had the highest efficiency for both genogroups. No cross-reactivity was observed among GI and GII noroviruses, rotavirus, hepatitis A virus, and poliovirus. The detection rates of these assays in GI and GII norovirus-positive fecal samples were not significantly different. However, the mean quantification cycle (Cq) value of assay B for GII was lower than assays A and C with statistical significance (P-value, 0.000). All three real-time RT-PCR assays could detect a variety of noroviruses including GI.2, GII.2, GII.3, GII.4, GII.6, GII.12, GII.17, and GII.21. This study suggests assay B as a suitable assay for the detection and quantification of noroviruses GI and GII due to good analytical sensitivity and higher performance to amplify norovirus on DNA standard controls and clinical samples.

2293 related Products with: Evaluation of real-time RT-PCR assays for detection and quantification of norovirus genogroups I and II.

Norwalk virus Real Time R Chikungunya Virus Real Ti West Nile virus Real Time West Nile virus Real Time Avian Influenza virus H5N Avian Influenza Virus H5N HIV 1 Real Time RT PCR Ki Salmonella Real Time PCR Salmonella Real Time PCR Salmonella Real Time PCR Campylobacter Jejuni Real Staphylococcus Aureus Rea

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#28193082   2017/02/14 Save this To Up

Expression Analysis of Previously Verified Fecal and Plasma Dow-regulated MicroRNAs (miR-4478, 1295-3p, 142-3p and 26a-5p), in FFPE Tissue Samples of CRC Patients.

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common causes of cancer-related mortality worldwide. Early diagnosis of this neoplasm is critical and may reduce patients' mortality. MicroRNAs are small non-coding RNA molecules whose expression pattern can be altered in various diseases such as CRC.

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#28192489   2017/02/13 Save this To Up

Honokiol induces reactive oxygen species-mediated apoptosis in Candida albicans through mitochondrial dysfunction.

To investigate the effects of honokiol on induction of reactive oxygen species (ROS), antioxidant defense systems, mitochondrial dysfunction, and apoptosis in Candida albicans.

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#28129244   2017/01/27 Save this To Up

Aberrant MicroRNA Expression in Patients With Endometrial Cancer.

Current evidence suggests that no single serum biomarker displays satisfactory diagnostic performance in patients with endometrial carcinoma (EC), the most frequent gynecological cancer in developed countries. However, aberrant tissue microRNA (miRNA) expression has been recently described in EC. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the differential expression of 4 serum miRNAs and their association with CA125 (cancer antigen 125) and HE4 (human epididymis protein 4) in EC patients and in a control population.

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#28028983   2016/12/28 Save this To Up

Monitoring of Circulating Tumor Cells by a Combination of Immunomagnetic Enrichment and RT-PCR in Colorectal Cancer Patients Undergoing Surgery.

The presence of circulating tumor cells (CTC) has been reported in patients with advanced colorectal cancer. Monitoring CTC (also known as a liquid-biopsy) has recently become the center of interest for low-invasive monitoring of cancer progression and predictive biomarkers testing. Along with high-cost technology and a complex methodology, a straightforward method based on magnetic beads enrichment followed by RT-PCR is set to allow for routine CTC analysis in colorectal cancer patients.

1774 related Products with: Monitoring of Circulating Tumor Cells by a Combination of Immunomagnetic Enrichment and RT-PCR in Colorectal Cancer Patients Undergoing Surgery.

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#28004017   2016/12/22 Save this To Up

Development of a multiplex RT-PCR for simultaneous diagnosis of human metapneumovirus (HMPV) and human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) from clinical specimens.

Human metapneumovirus (HMPV) and human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) are ubiquitous respiratory viral pathogens. They belong to the family Paramyxoviridae (subfamily Pneumovirinae) and is responsible for acute respiratory tract infections in children, elderly and immunocompromised patients. We designed and tested a multiplex reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (mRT-PCR) as a cost-effective alternative to real-time PCR and cell culture based detection for HMPV and HRSV. The newly developed PCR was used to screen nasal/throat swab samples from 356 patients with suspected acute respiratory infection attending the Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India. The method was compared with a commercially available kit employing real time PCR, for its sensitivity and specificity. 53 (14.9 %) samples were positive for at least one tested pathogen by mRT-PCR. All except one among the positive samples showed similar pathogen profile when tested using real time PCR. 8 (15.1 %) among these 53 were positive for HRSVA, 33 (62.3 %) positive for HRSVB and 12 (22.6 %) were positive for HMPV. 17 (32.7 %) samples showed co-infections in them. Sensitivity and specificity of the mRT-PCR was comparable to that of the commercial kit. Our findings indicate that this newly developed mRT-PCR can be used as a cost-effective alternative for laboratory diagnosis of HMPV/HRSV infection and will significantly reduce diagnostic costs for these viruses in clinical settings.

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