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#17549447   2007/09/26 Save this To Up

Characterization of a dUTPase from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Thermococcus onnurineus NA1 and its application in polymerase chain reaction amplification.

Genomic analysis of the hyperthermophilic archaeon Thermococcus onnurineus NA1 (TNA1) revealed the presence of a 471-bp open reading frame with 93% similarity to the dUTPase from Pyrococcus furiosus. The dUTPase-encoding gene was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. The purified protein hydrolyzed dUTP at about a 10-fold higher rate than dCTP. The protein behaved as a dimer in gel filtration chromatography, even though it contains five motifs that are conserved in all homotrimeric dUTPases. The dUTPase showed optimum activity at 80 degrees C and pH 8.0, and it was highly thermostable with a half-life (t (1/2)) of 170 min at 95 degrees C. The enzymatic activity of the dUTPase was largely unaffected by variations in MgCl(2), KCl, (NH(4))(2)SO(4), and Triton X-100 concentrations, although it was reduced by bovine serum albumin. Addition of the dUTPase to polymerase chain reactions (PCRs) run with TNA1 DNA polymerase significantly increased product yield, overcoming the inhibitory effect of dUTP. Further, addition of the dUTPase allowed PCR amplification of targets up to 15 kb in length using TNA1 DNA polymerase. This enzyme also improved the PCR efficiency of other archaeal family B type DNA polymerases, including Pfu and KOD.

2638 related Products with: Characterization of a dUTPase from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Thermococcus onnurineus NA1 and its application in polymerase chain reaction amplification.

Integrin β1 (CD29) Antib LPAM-1(Integrin α4, CD49 α-Internexin Antibody So INPP5F antibody Source Ra Interferon alpha-8 antibo Interferon alpha-6 antibo interleukin 17 receptor C TCP-1 theta antibody Sour TGF beta induced factor 2 INPP1 antibody Source Rab ING5 antibody Source Rabb Integrin alphaX antibody

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#12963343   2003/09/09 Save this To Up

Cloning, expression, and purification of the His6-tagged hyper-thermostable dUTPase from Pyrococcus woesei in Escherichia coli: application in PCR.

The gene encoding dUTPase from Pyrococcus woesei was cloned into Escherichia coli expression system. It shows 100% gene identity to homologous gene in Pyrococcus furiosus. The expression of N-terminal His(6)-tagged Pwo dUTPase was performed in E. coli BL21(DE3)pLysS and E. coli Rosetta(DE3)pLysS strain that contains plasmid encoding additional copies of rare E. coli tRNAs. E. coli Rosetta(pLysS) strain was found with two times higher expression yield of His(6)-tagged Pwo dUTPase than E. coli BL21(DE3)pLysS. The His(6)-tagged Pwo dUTPase was purified on Ni(2+)-IDA-Sepharose, dialyzed, and the enzyme activity was investigated. We found that His(6)-tag domain has no influence on dUTP hydrolytic activity. dUTP is generated during PCR from dCTP, which inhibits the polymerization of DNA catalyzed by DNA polymerase with 3(')-5(') exonuclease activity. We observed that the thermostable His(6)-tagged Pwo dUTPase used for the polymerase chain reaction with P. woesei DNA polymerase improves the efficiency of PCR and it allows for amplification of longer targets.

1008 related Products with: Cloning, expression, and purification of the His6-tagged hyper-thermostable dUTPase from Pyrococcus woesei in Escherichia coli: application in PCR.

DNA (cytosine 5) methyltr Integrin β1 (CD29) Antib LPAM-1(Integrin α4, CD49 α-Internexin Antibody So INPP5F antibody Source Ra Interferon alpha-8 antibo Interferon alpha-6 antibo interleukin 17 receptor C TGF beta induced factor 2 INPP1 antibody Source Rab ING5 antibody Source Rabb Integrin alphaX antibody

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#11782527   2002/01/23 Save this To Up

Archaeal dUTPase enhances PCR amplifications with archaeal DNA polymerases by preventing dUTP incorporation.

We discovered a thermostable enzyme from the archaeon Pyrococcus furiosus (Pfu), which increases yields of PCR product amplified with Pfu DNA polymerase. A high molecular mass (>250 kDa) complex with PCR-enhancing activity was purified from Pfu extracts. The complex is a multimer of two discrete proteins, P45 and P50, with significant similarity to bacterial dCTP deaminase/dUTPase and DNA flavoprotein, respectively. When tested in PCR, only recombinant P45 exhibited enhancing activity. P45 was shown to function as a dUTPase, converting dUTP to dUMP and inorganic pyrophosphate. Pfu dUTPase improves the yield of products amplified with Pfu DNA polymerase by preventing dUTP incorporation and subsequent inhibition of the polymerase by dU-containing DNA. dUTP was found to accumulate during PCR through dCTP deamination and to limit the efficiency of PCRs carried out with archaeal DNA polymerases. In the absence of dUTP inhibition, the combination of cloned Pfu DNA polymerase and Pfu dUTPase (PfuTurbo DNA polymerase) can amplify longer targets in higher yield than Taq DNA polymerase. In vivo, archaeal dUTPases may play an essential role in preventing dUTP incorporation and inhibition of DNA synthesis by family B DNA polymerases.

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