Search results for: Rabbit Anti-JIP1_MAPK8IP1 Polyclonal Antibody, PE-Cy5.5 conjugated Isotype: IgG
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Defining the target and the effect of imatinib on the filarial c-Abl homologue.Previously we demonstrated the micro- and macrofilaricidal properties of imatinib in vitro. Here we use electron and multiphoton microscopy to define the target of imatinib in the adult and microfilarial stages of Brugia malayi and assess the effects of pharmacologically relevant levels of imatinib on the adult parasites.
1861 related Products with: Defining the target and the effect of imatinib on the filarial c-Abl homologue.BACTERIOLOGY BACTEROIDES TCP-1 theta antibody Sour Recombinant Thermostable Recombinant Thermostable Recombinant Thermostable Recombinant Human PKC the Recombinant Human PKC the Recombinant Human PKC the Single Strand DNA Ligase, Single Strand DNA Ligase, Thermostable TDG Enzyme & Thermostable TDG Kit
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Immunochromatographic detection of the heat-labile enterotoxin of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli with cross-detection of cholera toxin.Here, we report the development of an immunochromatographic test strip that can detect heat-labile enterotoxin (LT) produced by enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli. Five types of monoclonal antibody (mAb)-producing hybridomas were isolated: three mAbs were A subunit specific and two were B subunit specific. Four mAbs also cross-reacted with both LT proteins derived from swine and human E. coli strains, but only one mAb 57B9 additionally cross-reacted with cholera toxin. Thus, mAb 57B9 was used to form a gold colloid-conjugated antibody for the immunochromatographic test by combination with polyclonal anti-LT rabbit IgG. This test strip detected not only LT in the culture supernatant of LT gene-positive strains, but also cholera toxin in the culture supernatant of Vibrio cholerae. These results indicate that this test strip is suitable for the diagnosis of both enterotoxigenic E. coli and V. cholerae infection.
1977 related Products with: Immunochromatographic detection of the heat-labile enterotoxin of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli with cross-detection of cholera toxin.Mouse Anti-E. coli heat-l Mouse Anti-E. coli heat-l Mouse Anti-E. coli Labile Mouse Anti-E. coli Labile MarkerGene™ FDG Bacteri Ofloxacin CAS Number [824 Syringe pump can be contr Casein ELISA Kit Milk ca Detection Buffer A&B Anti Detection Buffer C&D Anti ESCHERICHIA COLI clinical ESCHERICHIA COLI 0111 NM
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Commercially available chemicals as immunizing haptens for the development of a polyclonal antibody recognizing carbendazim and other benzimidazole-type fungicides.Carbendazim is a fungicide widely used for controlling fungi affecting fruits, vegetables, field crops etc. Determination of carbendazim in water, soil and various crops is frequently required to assure compliance with national/European regulations. A polyclonal antibody recognizing carbendazim was developed by using commercially available 2-(2-aminoethyl) benzimidazole, 2-benzimidazole propionic acid and 2-mercaptobenzimidazole as immunizing haptens; each of the above derivatives was directly conjugated to the carrier protein keyhole limpet hemocyanin and a mixture of the conjugates was administered to New Zealand white rabbits. Immunochemical functionality of the antisera and the corresponding isolated antibody (whole IgG fraction) was evaluated through titer and displacement curves in an in-house developed ELISA, which employed a 2-mercaptobenzimidazole - functionalized lysine-dendrimer as the immobilized hapten. As shown with ELISA-displacement curves, the above antibody could recognize carbendazim as well as other benzimidazole-type fungicides, i.e. benomyl and thiabendazole, and also intact benzimidazole, while it did not cross-react with the structurally different pesticides carbaryl and imazalil. Considering the rather simple approach which has led to its development and its highly promising immunochemical profile, the new antibody may be exploited in immunoanalytical systems for detecting benzimidazole-type pesticides e.g. in samples of environmental interest. The above antibody is being currently tested as a biorecognition element in the novel FOODSCAN cell biosensor platform for pesticide residue detection based on the Bioelectric Recognition Assay technology.
1422 related Products with: Commercially available chemicals as immunizing haptens for the development of a polyclonal antibody recognizing carbendazim and other benzimidazole-type fungicides.RABBIT ANTI GSK3 BETA (pS Anti Mouse asc type Amino MOUSE ANTI BOVINE ROTAVIR Mouse anti-chick type I c Mouse anti-chick type I c Mouse anti-bovine type I Mouse anti-bovine type I Mouse anti-porcine type I Mouse anti-porcine type I Mouse anti-human type I c Mouse anti-mouse type I c Mouse anti-mouse type I c
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Production of mouse anti-quail IgY and subsequent labeling with horseradish peroxidase using cyanuric chloride.Polyclonal antibodies labeled with a tracer have been commonly used as secondary antibodies in immunochemical assays to quantify the concentration of antibody-antigen complexes. The majority of these antibodies conjugated with a tracer are commercially available, with the exception of few untouched targets. This study focused on the production and application of mouse anti-quail IgY as an intermediate antibody to link between quail egg yolk IgY and goat anti-mouse IgG-HRP as primary and secondary antibodies, respectively. Subsequently, the produced mouse anti-quail IgY was labeled with horseradish peroxidase (HRP) and its efficiency on enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was compared with that of commercial rabbit anti-chicken IgY-HRP. As an intermediate antibody, mouse anti-quail IgY was successfully produced with good affinity and sensitivity (1:10,000) to the primary and secondary antibodies. Subsequently, mouse anti-quail IgY was effectively conjugated with HRP enzyme, resulting in a secondary antibody with good sensitivity (1:10,000) to quail anti-V. parahaemolyticus and V. vulnificus IgY. The detection limit was 10(5) CFU/ml for both V. parahaemolyticus and V. vulnificus. The efficiency of the produced conjugate to detect quail IgY on ELISA was comparable to that of the commercial rabbit anti-chicken IgY-HRP, and hence the produced and labeled mouse anti-quail IgY-HRP can be used as a secondary antibody to detect any antibody produced in quail.
2747 related Products with: Production of mouse anti-quail IgY and subsequent labeling with horseradish peroxidase using cyanuric chloride.Mouse Anti-Human Thyroid anti-Glutathione Peroxida anti-Glutathione Peroxida anti-Glutathione Peroxida anti-Glutathione Peroxida anti-Glutathione Peroxida anti-Glutathione Peroxida anti-Glutathione Peroxida Mouse Anti-Thyroid peroxi Mouse Anti-Chicken Chicke Peroxidase conj. anti mou Monoclonal ANTI-D-tag M2-
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Antibodies conjugated with new highly luminescent Eu3+ and Tb3+ chelates as markers for time resolved immunoassays. Application to simultaneous determination of clenbuterol and free cortisol in horse urine.Highly luminescent Eu(3+) and Tb(3+) complexes of 10-[4-(3-isothiocyanatopropoxy)benzoylmethyl]-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7 triacetic acid Eu(3+) is a subset of 1 and Tb(3+) is a subset of 1 were conjugated with a goat anti-rabbit IgG and a rabbit anti-mouse IgG, respectively, and applied as markers in a time resolved immunoassay for simultaneous quantitative determination of anabolic compounds clenbuterol (CL) and hydrocortisone (HC). The assay was performed in horse urine, using a monoclonal antibody specific to CL and a rabbit polyclonal antibody specific to the free HC. These lanthanide chelates are very stable and highly luminescent in aqueous solution and allowed to reach 10 microg L(-1) and 40 microg L(-1) sensitivities for CL and for HC, respectively. Application to the horse urine, that is a very complex matrix, has a considerable interest in the control of illegal use of these compounds.
1165 related Products with: Antibodies conjugated with new highly luminescent Eu3+ and Tb3+ chelates as markers for time resolved immunoassays. Application to simultaneous determination of clenbuterol and free cortisol in horse urine.T-2 Toxin Mycotoxins ELIS Cell Meter™ Fluorimetri Cell Meter™ Fluorimetri Zearalenone Mycotoxins EL Apoptosis antibody array Cell cycle antibody array Cytokine antibody array i Signal transduction antib AKT Phospho-Specific Arra AKT PKB Signaling Phospho AMPK Signaling Phospho-Sp Apoptosis Phospho-Specifi
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Reductively aminated D-xylose-albumin conjugate as the immunogen for generation of IgG and IgE antibodies specific to D-xylitol, a haptenic allergen.Sugar alcohols are widely used as food additives and drug excipients. Xylitol, a five-carbon sugar alcohol, and a low-calorie alternative sweetener to sucrose (approx 40% fewer calories), has enjoyed an enviable record of safety, and allergic reactions to xylitol are very rare. A case of oral erosive eczema to xylitol has been reported recently [Hanakawa, Y., Hanakawa, Y., Tohyama, M., Yamasaki, K., Hashimoto, K. (2005) Xylitol as a causative agent of oral erosive eczema. Brit. J. Dermatol. 152, 821-822]. Xylitol does not contain any reactive groups; hence, it is nonimmunogenic. In order to explain the immunogenicity of xylitol, polyclonal antibodies to xylitol have been raised using the reductive aminated product of D-xylose conjugated to bovine serum albumin (BSA) as the immunogen. Rabbits immunized with xylitol-BSA conjugate (52 haptens/molecule) gave a good antibody response. Purification of antixylitol antibodies was carried out using hapten-affinity chromatography on xylitol-keyhole limpet hemocyanin-Sepharose CL-6B; the yield was approximately 40 microg/mL of rabbit immune serum. Purified xylitol-specific antibodies appeared to be homogeneous by native PAGE with a pI of approximately 7.2 by isoelectric focusing. Although the purified antibodies are specific for the xylitoyl moiety of xylitol-protein conjugates, they reacted equally well with the Schiff base conjugate of xylosyl-protein conjugates (68% cross-reactivity) indicating that carbons 2 to 5 of xylitol act as an epitope. Xylitol antibodies showed excellent specificity towards xylitol and <4.4% cross-reactivity with D-xylose and various sugar alcohols except ribitol and galactitol, which showed approximately 11% and 8% cross-reactivity, respectively. D-Xylitol-BSA conjugate was used to raise IgE antibodies in BALB/c mice by repeated intradermal administration. Passive cutaneous anaphylaxis using the immune sera confirmed the haptenic nature of xylitol.
1371 related Products with: Reductively aminated D-xylose-albumin conjugate as the immunogen for generation of IgG and IgE antibodies specific to D-xylitol, a haptenic allergen.MOUSE ANTI BOVINE ROTAVIR Shiga Toxin 1 antibody, M Shiga Toxin 2 antibody, M Human Serum Albumin antib Human Serum Albumin antib Astrovirus antibody, Mono Cholera toxin antibody, M Clostridium botulinum D T Clostridum difficile toxi Clostridum difficile toxi Clostridum difficile toxi Clostridum difficile toxi
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Studies on the affinity chromatography purification of anti-patulin polyclonal antibodies by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay and electrophoresis.Patulin is a mycotoxin produced by fungal species that frequently grow on fruit and vegetables. It presents risks, particularly for children consuming compotes and fruit juices. Thus, it is important to have methods such as immunoassays to screen a large number of samples. In the relevant literature, previous studies on the production of antibodies against patulin derivatives described qualitative tests for a patulin derivative or showed slight responses. The present study reinvestigated the production of polyclonal antibodies against patulin and their purification since crude antiserum could react non-specifically in immunoassays. Patulin-hemiglutarate was synthesized and conjugated to bovine serum albumin as the immunogen for the immunization of five New Zealand white rabbits. The immunoglobulin G (IgG) fraction was isolated twice by affinity chromatography using Sepharose-LS gel and recombinant G-protein. Classic affinity chromatography using Sepharose-LS gel was unable to eliminate serum albumin from the IgG fraction and the use of recombinant G-protein was efficient to isolate the purified IgG. Titres and specificity were determined by indirect competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Patulin-hemiglutarate-ovalbumin gave complete displacement, while patulin displaced 30% of bound antibodies. Thus, a fraction of the antibodies are specific for free patulin. The non-specific binding increased with patulin concentrations. The electrophilic properties of patulin might also induce intermolecular cross-links in vitro that hinder the possibility of responses displacement when free patulin is used.
2154 related Products with: Studies on the affinity chromatography purification of anti-patulin polyclonal antibodies by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay and electrophoresis.Anti VGLUT-1 Rat, polyclo Viral antibodies, anti-H Anti RAGE (Receptor for A Anti PDX1 Polyclonal Anti Anti-AdipoR1 Human Polycl Anti Galectin(Gal-3) Huma Anti PPARgamma Human, Pol Anti beta3-AR Human, Poly Polyclonal anti conjugate Rabbit Anti-FGF3 Oncogene Rat Anti-CCT theta Antibo Mouse Anti-HPV 16 Oncopro
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Removal of therapeutic anti-lymphocyte antibodies from human sera prior to anti-human leukocyte antibody testing.Both monoclonal (e.g. Orthoclone (OKT3), rituximab) and polyclonal (e.g. ATGAM, Thymoglobulin (Thymo)) anti-lymphocyte Abs (ALAs) are used extensively in organ transplantation for immunosuppression induction, desensitization, and treatment of acute rejection. ALAs often interfere with post transplant immunologic monitoring. We describe a method that uses magnetic beads to selectively remove ALAs from patient serum. Rabbit anti-mouse Fc-specific (180 mug), or rabbit anti-mouse Fab-specific (180 microg), or rabbit anti-horse heavy and light chain-specific and rabbit anti-horse F(ab')2 (200 microg) (Jackson Immunoresearch) was adsorbed to 6.7 x 10(8) Dynabeads M-280 conjugated with sheep anti-rabbit IgG (Dynal Biotech). Fifty microliters of normal human serum (NHS) with 2 microg/ml of OKT3 or 100 microg/ml ATGAM, Thymo, or rituximab were incubated with conjugated beads for several incubations. NHS containing ALAs before and after treatment by the protocol were incubated with human lymphocytes and labeled with FITC-antibody to immunoglobulin of the species used to produce the particular ALA. Residual ALA was determined using flow cytometry. Average median channel for serum with or without ALA was 11.1 and 0.120, respectively for OKT3; 64.4 and 0.344 for ATGAM; 108.5 and 0.200 for Thymo; and 1022.5 and 11.4 for rituximab. Treatment lowered the median channel for serum with OKT3 to 0.103, 0.309 for ATGAM, 0.199 for Thymo, and 12.1 for rituximab. ALAs can be effectively removed from serum by the use of magnetic beads conjugated with Ab specific for ALA thereby permitting immunologic monitoring without interference.
2379 related Products with: Removal of therapeutic anti-lymphocyte antibodies from human sera prior to anti-human leukocyte antibody testing.Anti AGO2 Human, Monoclon Anti AGO2 Human, Monoclon Anti Human AGO3, Monoclon Mouse anti Human IgA anti Mouse anti Human IgE anti Mouse anti Human IgE anti Mouse anti Human IgE anti Mouse anti Human IgE anti Mouse anti Human IgG anti Mouse anti Human IgG anti Mouse anti Human IgG anti Mouse anti Human IgM anti
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Improved ELISA test for determination of potency of Inactivated Poliovirus Vaccine (IPV).An improved ELISA test for determination of potency of Inactivated Poliovirus Vaccine (IPV) is proposed. The method is based on the use of IgG purified from immune rabbit serum conjugated with biotin. Optimized and validated materials for the test can be stored for a long time in the form of ready-to-use kits. Optimization included selection of anti-poliovirus rabbit antibody batches with the best specificity to D-antigen as well as finding the most efficient parameters for all steps of ELISA protocol. The assay is based on direct ("sandwich") ELISA scheme, in which antigens are captured on ELISA plates coated with purified rabbit polyclonal D-antigen specific IgG raised against wild polioviruses of three serotypes. D-antigen specificity of the IgG was at least 10 times higher than to H-antigen (heat-inactivated virus). The presence of antigen was detected using biotin-conjugated IgG from the same source. Eight-point dose-response curves were obtained for each sample and the reference vaccine. The protocol ensured low background (less than 0.2 OD), linear response over the entire range of optical density measurements (up to 3.0 OD), and high precision of data (assay variability was about 3%). The quantitative results and the validity of the test were determined by two numerical approaches, linear regression and a new analysis procedure called the local interpolation method. For the first approach we also proposed a new method for testing of parallelism of regression lines. The ELISA protocol for all three types of poliovirus is based on standard off-the-shelf reagents, and is highly reproducible and reliable. An in-house Reference Reagent was formulated and calibrated against the International Reference for IPV.
1519 related Products with: Improved ELISA test for determination of potency of Inactivated Poliovirus Vaccine (IPV).OMNICON® ZONE READER SYS Human Beta 2 microglobuli Human IgG (total) ELISA K Beta Amyloid (42) ELISA K Beta Amyloid (42) ELISA K Human CETP ELISA Kit Wako Human CETP ELISA Kit Wako Beta Amyloid (1 40) ELISA Beta Amyloid (1 40) ELISA Beta Amyloid (40) ELISA K Beta Amyloid (40) ELISA K Beta Amyloid (40) ELISA K
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Synthetic peptide vaccine development: measurement of polyclonal antibody affinity and cross-reactivity using a new peptide capture and release system for surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy.A method has been developed for measurement of antibody affinity and cross-reactivity by surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy using the EK-coil heterodimeric coiled-coil peptide capture system. This system allows for reversible capture of synthetic peptide ligands on a biosensor chip surface, with the advantage that multiple antibody-antigen interactions can be analyzed using a single biosensor chip. This method has proven useful in the development of a synthetic peptide anti-Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) vaccine. Synthetic peptide ligands corresponding to the receptor binding domains of pilin from four strains of PA were conjugated to the E-coil strand of the heterodimeric coiled-coil domain and individually captured on the biosensor chip through dimerization with the immobilized K-coil strand. Polyclonal rabbit IgG raised against pilin epitopes was injected over the sensor chip surface for kinetic analysis of the antigen-antibody interaction. The kinetic rate constants, k(on) and k(off), and equilibrium association and dissociation constants, KA and KD, were calculated. Antibody affinities ranged from 1.14 x 10(-9) to 1.60 x 10(-5) M. The results suggest that the carrier protein and adjuvant used during immunization make a dramatic difference in antibody affinity and cross-reactivity. Antibodies raised against the PA strain K pilin epitope conjugated to keyhole limpet haemocyanin using Freund's adjuvant system were more broadly cross-reactive than antibodies raised against the same epitope conjugated to tetanus toxoid using Adjuvax adjuvant. The method described here is useful for detailed characterization of the interaction of polyclonal antibodies with a panel of synthetic peptide ligands with the objective of obtaining high affinity and cross-reactive antibodies in vaccine development.
1828 related Products with: Synthetic peptide vaccine development: measurement of polyclonal antibody affinity and cross-reactivity using a new peptide capture and release system for surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy.Androgen Receptor (Phosph Androgen Receptor (Phosph Androgen Receptor (Ab 650 Primary antibody GFR alp Primary antibody IKK alp Primary antibody IKK alp Primary antibody IKK bet Primary antibody IL-1RAc polyclonal Antibody Adren PRDX1 Antibody Peptide-af Polyclonal Antibody ADP-R Polyclonal Antibody Bone
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