Search results for: MyoD Gene Promoter Reporter Vector
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The role of nuclear factor of activated T cells during phorbol myristate acetate-induced cardiac differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells.We previously reported that phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) treatment can induce the cardiac differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). In the present study, we investigated how PMA induces cardiac differentiation of MSCs, focusing on its effect on the transcription factors responsible for increased cardiac marker gene expression.
1674 related Products with: The role of nuclear factor of activated T cells during phorbol myristate acetate-induced cardiac differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells.Epidermal Growth Factor ( Epidermal Growth Factor ( Macrophage Colony Stimula Macrophage Colony Stimula anti CD38 Hematopoietic p anti Transferrin receptor Rat Mesenchymal Stem Cell Phorbol 12 myristate 13 a RANK Ligand Soluble, Huma TGF beta induced factor 2 Recombinant Human OPG TNF Recombinant Human OPG TNF
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Functional and Activity Analysis of Cattle UCP3 Promoter with MRFs-Related Factors.Uncoupling protein 3 (UCP3) is mainly expressed in muscle. It plays an important role in muscle, but less research on the regulation of cattle UCP3 has been performed. In order to elucidate whether cattle UCP3 can be regulated by muscle-related factors, deletion of cattle UCP3 promoter was amplified and cloned into pGL3-basic, pGL3-promoter and PEGFP-N3 vector, respectively, then transfected into C2C12 myoblasts cells and UCP3 promoter activity was measured using the dual-Luciferase reporter assay system. The results showed that there is some negative-regulatory element from -620 to -433 bp, and there is some positive-regulatory element between -433 and -385 bp. The fragment (1.08 kb) of UCP3 promoter was cotransfected with muscle-related transcription factor myogenic regulatory factors (MRFs) and myocyte-specific enhancer factor 2A (MEF2A). We found that UCP3 promoter could be upregulated by Myf5, Myf6 and MyoD and downregulated by MyoG and MEF2A.
2115 related Products with: Functional and Activity Analysis of Cattle UCP3 Promoter with MRFs-Related Factors.UbC Promoter Yamanaka Fac EF1α Promoter Yamanaka F Rapid Microplate Assay K Factor VIII Related Anti Factor VIII Related Anti Factor VIII Related Anti Peroxide Block for Image Peroxide Block for Image Peroxide Block for Image Biotin Blocking Kit for Biotin Blocking Kit for Blue Feulgen DNA Ploidy
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Functional analysis of pig myostatin gene promoter with some adipogenesis- and myogenesis-related factors.Myostatin (MSTN) is primarily expressed in muscle and plays an important role in muscle and fat development in pigs. However, there is little information about the regulation of pig MSTN. In order to elucidate whether pig MSTN could be regulated by muscle- and fat-related factors, the porcine MSTN promoter was amplified and cloned into pGL3-basic vector, and transfected into cells to analyze the transcriptional activity of promoter with muscle- and fat-related factors through dual-luciferase reporter assays. 5'-deletion expression showed that there was a negative-regulatory region located between nucleotides -1519 and -1236 bp, and there were some positive-regulatory regions located between -1236 and -568 bp. The longest fragment (1.7 kb) was cotransfected with muscle-related transcription factor myogenic differentiation 1 (MyoD), resulting in promoter transcriptional activity upregulation. The fragment was treated by the adipogenic agents (DIM) including dexamethasone, insulin, and isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX). We found that MSTN promoter transcriptional activity can be regulated by IBMX, but not by DIM. CCAAT/enhancer binding protein (C/EBP) α and C/EBPβ, two proteins which are induced by DIM during adipogenesis were cotransfected with the 1.7-kb fragment, respectively, resulting in promoter transcriptional activity downregulation. Treating the fragment with rosiglitazone which induce the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ), resulting in promoter transcriptional activity upregulation. Cotransfection experiments confirmed this result. Taken together, we showed that porcine MSTN could be upregulated by IBMX, MyoD, and PPARγ but downregulated by C/EBPα and C/EBPβ.
1710 related Products with: Functional analysis of pig myostatin gene promoter with some adipogenesis- and myogenesis-related factors.UbC Promoter Yamanaka Fac EF1α Promoter Yamanaka F Rat monoclonal anti mouse MIC2 Gene Protein, CD99; MIC2 Gene Protein, CD99; Factor VIII Related Anti Factor VIII Related Anti MIC2 Gene Protein, CD99; Factor VIII Related Anti Peroxide Block for Image Peroxide Block for Image Peroxide Block for Image
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Quadruplex structures of muscle gene promoter sequences enhance in vivo MyoD-dependent gene expression.Gene promoters are enriched in guanine clusters that potentially fold into quadruplex structures. Such quadruplexes were implicated in the regulation of gene expression, plausibly by interacting with transcription factors. We showed previously that homodimers of the myogenic transcription factor MyoD bound in vitro most tightly bimolecular quadruplexes of promoter sequences of muscle-specific genes. By contrast, MyoD-E47 heterodimers formed tighter complexes with d(CANNTG) E-box motifs that govern muscle gene expression. Here, we show that DNA quadruplexes enhance in vivo MyoD and E-box-driven expression of a firefly luciferase (FL) reporter gene. HEK293 cells were transfected with FL expressing p4RTK-FL vector alone or together with MyoD expressing pEMSV-MyoD plasmid, with quadruplexes of alpha7 integrin or sarcomeric mitochondrial creatine kinase (sMtCK) muscle gene promoters or with a combination thereof. Whereas MyoD elevated by approximately 10-fold the levels of FL mRNA and protein, the DNA quadruplexes by themselves did not affect FL expression. However, together with MyoD, quadruplex DNA increased by approximately 35-fold the amounts of FL mRNA and protein. Without affecting its expression, DNA quadruplexes bound MyoD in the cells. Based on these results, we propose models for the regulation of muscle gene transcription by direct interaction of MyoD with promoter quadruplex structures.
2580 related Products with: Quadruplex structures of muscle gene promoter sequences enhance in vivo MyoD-dependent gene expression.DNA (cytosine 5) methyltr Human Epstein-Barr Virus Mouse Epstein-Barr Virus Rat TGF-beta-inducible ea Rat TGF-beta-inducible ea Anti CML Monoclonal Antib PARP in vivo Pharmacodyna Gene Expression: Mouse N Gene Expression: Rat P45 Rabbit Anti-IEX1 Differen Rabbit Anti-IEX1 Differen Rabbit Anti-IEX1 Differen
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The muscle transcription factor MyoD promotes osteoblast differentiation by stimulation of the Osterix promoter.Transcription factors regulate tissue-specific differentiation of pluripotent mesenchyme to osteoblast (OB), myoblast (MB), and other lineages. Osterix (Osx) is an essential transcription factor for bone development because knockout results in lack of a mineralized skeleton. The proximal Osx promoter contains numerous binding sequences for MyoD and 14 repeats of a binding sequence for Myf5. These basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factors have a critical role in MB differentiation and muscle development. We tested the hypothesis that bHLH transcription factors also support OB differentiation through regulation of Osx. Transfection of a MyoD expression vector into two primitive mesenchymal cell lines, C3H/10T1/2 and C2C12, stimulated a 1.2-kb Osx promoter-luciferase reporter 70-fold. Myf5 stimulated the Osx promoter 6-fold. Deletion analysis of the promoter revealed that one of three proximal bHLH sites is essential for MyoD activity. The Myf5 repeat conferred 60% of Myf5 activity with additional upstream sequence required for full activity. MyoD bound the active bHLH sequence and its 3'-flanking region, as shown by EMSA and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays. Real-time PCR revealed that primitive C2C12 and C3H/10T1/2 cells, pre-osteoblastic MC3T3 cells, and undifferentiated primary marrow stromal cells express the muscle transcription factors. C2C12 cells, which differentiate to MB spontaneously and form myotubules, were treated with bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) to induce OB differentiation. BMP-2 stimulated expression of Osx and the differentiation marker alkaline phosphatase and blocked myotubule development. BMP-2 suppressed the muscle transcription factor myogenin, but expression of MyoD and Myf5 persisted. Silencing of MyoD inhibited BMP-2 stimulation of Osx and blocked the later appearance of bone alkaline phosphatase. MyoD support of Osx transcription contributes to early OB differentiation.
1854 related Products with: The muscle transcription factor MyoD promotes osteoblast differentiation by stimulation of the Osterix promoter.Anti PDX1 Polyclonal Anti Insulin promoter factor 1 Epidermal Growth Factor ( Epidermal Growth Factor ( Growth Differentiation Fa Growth Differentiation Fa BACTERIOLOGY BACTEROIDES Human Growth and Differen Human Growth and Differen Human Growth and Differen TCP-1 theta antibody Sour Recombinant Thermostable
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Differential regulation of the promoter activity of the mouse UCP2 and UCP3 genes by MyoD and myogenin.UCP2 and UCP3 are members of the uncoupling protein family, which may play roles in energy homeostasis. In order to determine the regulation of the predominant expression of UCP3 in skeletal muscle, the effects of differentiation and myogenic regulatory factors on the promoter activities of the mouse UCP2 and UCP3 genes were studied. Reporter plasmids, containing approximately 3 kb of the 5'-upstream region of the mouse UCP2 and UCP3 genes, were transfected into C2C12 myoblasts, which were then induced to differentiate. Differentiation positively induced the reporter expression about 20-fold via the UCP3 promoter, but by only 2-fold via the UCP2 promoter. C2C12 myoblasts were cotransfected with expression vectors for myogenin and/or MyoD as well as reporter constructs. The simultaneous expression of myogenin and MyoD caused an additional 20-fold increase in the reporter expression via the UCP3 promoter, but only a weak effect via the UCP2 promoter. In L6 myoblasts, only MyoD activated the UCP3 promoter, but in 3T3-L1 cells neither factor activated the UCP3 promoter, indicating that additional cofactors are required, which are present only in C2C12 myoblasts. The expression of UCP2 and UCP3 is differentially regulated during muscle differentiation due to the different responsiveness of their promoter regions to myogenin and MyoD.
2909 related Products with: Differential regulation of the promoter activity of the mouse UCP2 and UCP3 genes by MyoD and myogenin.CAR,Car,Constitutive andr Normal mouse multiple org Mouse Anti-Bacteroides th Androgen Receptor , Mouse Androgen Receptor , Mouse BACTERIOLOGY BACTEROIDES Androgen Receptor (Phosph Androgen Receptor (Phosph Rabbit Anti-Human Androge Rabbit Anti-Human Androge Androgen Receptor (Ab 650 TCP-1 theta antibody Sour
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Myogenic differentiation induces taurine transporter in association with taurine-mediated cytoprotection in skeletal muscles.Skeletal muscle homoeostasis is maintained by a variety of cytoprotective mechanisms. Since ablation of the TauT (taurine transporter) gene results in susceptibility to exercise-induced muscle weakness in vivo, it has been suggested that TauT is essential for skeletal muscle function. However, the regulatory mechanisms of TauT expression remain to be elucidated. In the present study, we demonstrated that TauT was up-regulated during myogenesis in C2C12 cells. Treatment with bFGF (basic fibroblast growth factor), which inhibited muscle differentiation, abrogated myogenic induction of TauT. The promoter activities of TauT were up-regulated during muscle differentiation in C2C12 cells. Database analyses identified an MEF2 (myocyte enhancer binding factor 2) consensus sequence at -844 in the rat TauT gene. Truncation of the promoter region containing the MEF2 site significantly reduced the promoter activity, demonstrating the functional importance of the MEF2 site. Electrophoretic mobility-shift assays confirmed that MEF2 bound to the MEF2 consensus sequence and that DNA-protein complex levels were increased during differentiation. Promoter analyses using mutated promoter-reporter plasmids demonstrated that this site was functional. Importantly, transfection with a MyoD expression vector markedly enhanced TauT promoter activity in the (non-myogenic) 10T1/2 cells. Moreover, co-transfection with an MEF2 expression vector augmented MyoD-induced TauT promoter activity, suggesting that MEF2 is required for full activation of TauT expression. Finally, we examined the effects of taurine on myotube atrophy to clarify the biological significance of the up-regulation of TauT, and demonstrated that taurine attenuated muscle atrophy induced by dexamethasone. TauT expression is regulated under the control of the myogenic programme, and we propose that this is the mechanism for taurine-mediated resistance to muscle atrophy.
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Determination of the expression pattern of the dual promoter of zebrafish fushi tarazu factor-1a following microinjections into zebrafish one cell stage embryos.The zebrafish fushi tarazu factor-1a (ff1a) is a transcription factor belonging to the NR5A subgroup of nuclear receptors. The NR5A receptors bind DNA as monomers and are considered to be orphans due to their ability to promote transcription of downstream genes without ligands. In zebrafish, four ff1 homologues (Ff1a, Ff1b, Ff1c, and Ff1d) have been identified so far. The gene coding for Ff1a is driven by two separate promoters, and give rise to four splice variants. Ff1a is expressed in the somites and pronephric ducts during somitogenesis and in the brain, liver, and mandibular arch during later embryonic stages. In adults the gene is highly expressed in gonads, liver, and intestine, but can be detected in most tissues. The broad variety of embryonic expression domains indicates several important developmental features. One of the mammalian fushi tarazu factor-1 genes, steroidogenic factor-1 (SF-1), is essential for the development of gonads and adrenals. SF-1 is together with Sox9, WT1, and GATA4 a positive transcriptional regulator of human anti-mullerian hormone (AMH) and thereby linked to the male sex-determining pathway. The zebrafish ff1a dual promoter contains several GATA binding sites and E-boxes, a site for DR4, XFD2, MyoD, Snail, HNF3, S8, and an HMG-box recognition site for Sox9. In a first attempt to dissect the ff1a promoter in vivo we have produced first generation transgenes in order to determine the correlation between the expression of the endogenous ff1a gene and the microinjected ff1a dual promoter coupled to the pEGFP reporter vector. Our results show that the microinjected constructs are expressed in the correct tissues.
1368 related Products with: Determination of the expression pattern of the dual promoter of zebrafish fushi tarazu factor-1a following microinjections into zebrafish one cell stage embryos.Ofloxacin CAS Number [824 Multiple organ tumor tiss Tissue array of ovarian g Insulin promoter factor 1 Epidermal Growth Factor ( Epidermal Growth Factor ( TCGF (Natural T Cell Grow CELLKINES MACROPHAGE COLO CELLKINES MACROPHAGE COLO CELLKINES PLATELET DERIVE CELLKINES PLATELET DERIVE BACTERIOLOGY BACTEROIDES
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Transactivator and structurally optimized inducible lentiviral vectors.Lentiviral vectors offer well-recognized advantages as a gene delivery system both for the analysis of gene function and as a vehicle for gene therapy. In the present study optimized HIV-1-based vector systems that display efficient doxycycline (Dox)-dependent transgene expression in vitro and in vivo have been developed through the modification of factors that contribute to basal activity levels. Dissection of HIV-1 vectors harboring a tTA-dependent transgene expression cassette revealed several mechanisms that account for Dox-independent transgene expression, including those mediated by an internal CMV promoter, as well as a potential contribution from fusion proteins generated by translational readthrough. A precipitous reduction in basal activity levels was accomplished by separating the transactivator and the transgene cassettes into a binary vector system and by relocating the inducible promoter to the U3 region of the LTR. In addition, substituting the VP16 portion of tTA with the human p65 transactivating domain improved Dox-dependent transgene expression in a number of cell types. Optimizing HIV-1-based vectors culminated in a "toolbox" of vectors suitable for transgene delivery in vitro and in vivo, as conveyed by our ability to control the Dox-dependent differentiation of embryonic fibroblasts into muscle cells in vitro and transgene expression in rat brains.
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Transcriptional regulation of the human Runx2/Cbfa1 gene promoter by bone morphogenetic protein-7.It is well established that core binding factor Runx2/Cbfa1 is required for osteoblast recruitment and differentiation from mesenchymal stem cells. Transcriptional regulation of the Runx2/Cbfa1 gene by osteogenic factors such as bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) plays an important role in the stimulation of bone formation by these cytokines. BMP7 (also termed OP-1) is a member of the transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) superfamily and induces osteoblast differentiation from mesenchymal precursor stem cells in vitro as well as bone formation in vivo. This study examines the effects of BMP7 on markers of osteoblast differentiation and specifically on human Runx2/Cbfa1 gene transcription in a mouse C2C12 myoblast cell line where it induces expression of both alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and endogenous Runx2/Cbfa1. To further understand the mechanisms of human Runx2/Cbfa1 transcriptional regulation by BMP7, we cloned 3.0 kb of the human Runx2/Cbfa1 gene 5'-upstream flanking region and created a series of promoter deletions cloned into luciferase-based reporter vectors (Runx2/Cbfa1/Luc). Sequence data revealed six copies of the osteoblastic cis-acting element (OSE2) in the proximal promoter region. In C2C12 cells transiently transfected with Runx2/Cbfa1/Luc deletion constructs, transcriptional activity of Runx2/Cbfa1 was upregulated up to 2-fold after 24 h of BMP7 treatment. Mutational analysis demonstrated that the minimal responsive promoter region for BMP7-regulated transcription maps to a proximal -74 OSE2 site. Electromobility shift assays with C2C12 cellular extracts indicate that BMP7 increases binding of OSE2 promoter sequences, and supershift assays with anti-Runx2/Cbfa1 antibodies demonstrate that Runx2/Cbfa1 is part of the nucleoprotein complex binding OSE2. Together, these data indicate BMP7 can upregulate Runx2/Cbfa1 gene expression in C2C12 myoblast cells, and suggest that Runx2/Cbfa1 may bind to OSE2 elements within its own promoter to autoregulate gene transcription in differentiating osteoblasts.
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