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Arid1a regulates response to anti-angiogenic therapy in advanced hepatocellular carcinoma.

AT-rich interaction domain 1a (Arid1a), a component of the chromatin remodeling complex, has emerged as a tumor suppressor gene. It is frequently mutated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, it remains unknown how Arid1a suppresses HCC development and whether Arid1a deficiency could be exploited for therapy, we aimed to explore these questions.

1675 related Products with: Arid1a regulates response to anti-angiogenic therapy in advanced hepatocellular carcinoma.

Hepatocellular carcinoma Hepatocellular carcinoma Anti 3 DG imidazolone Mon Anti beta3 AR Human, Poly Breast cancer and matched Breast cancer and matched Breast invasive ductal ca Colon carcinoma tissue ar Colon carcinoma tissue ar Goat Anti-Human TOM1L1 SR Esophageal squamous cell Esophageal squamous cell

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RVX-297, a BET Bromodomain Inhibitor, Has Therapeutic Effects in Preclinical Models of Acute Inflammation and Autoimmune Disease.

Bromodomain (BD) and extra-terminal domain containing proteins (BET) are chromatin adapters that bind acetylated histone marks via two tandem BDs, BD1 and BD2, to regulate gene transcription. BET proteins are involved in transcriptional reprogramming in response to inflammatory stimuli. BET BD inhibitors (BETis) that are nonselective for BD1 or BD2 have recognized anti-inflammatory properties in vitro and counter pathology in models of inflammation or autoimmune disease. Although both BD1 and BD2 bind acetylated histone residues, they may independently regulate the expression of BET-sensitive genes. Here we characterized the ability of RVX-297, a novel orally active BETi with selectivity for BD2, to modulate inflammatory processes in vitro, in vivo, and ex vivo. RVX-297 suppressed inflammatory gene expression in multiple immune cell types in culture. Mechanistically, RVX-297 displaced BET proteins from the promoters of sensitive genes and disrupted recruitment of active RNA polymerase II, a property shared with pan-BETis that nonselectively bind BET BDs. In the lipopolysaccharide model of inflammation, RVX-297 reduced proinflammatory mediators assessed in splenic gene expression and serum proteins. RVX-297 also countered pathology in three rodent models of polyarthritis: rat and mouse collagen-induced arthritis, and mouse collagen antibody-induced arthritis. Further, RVX-297 prevented murine experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (a model of human multiple sclerosis) disease development when administered prophylactically and reduced hallmarks of pathology when administered therapeutically. We show for the first time that a BD2-selective BETi maintains anti-inflammatory properties and is effective in preclinical models of acute inflammation and autoimmunity.

1867 related Products with: RVX-297, a BET Bromodomain Inhibitor, Has Therapeutic Effects in Preclinical Models of Acute Inflammation and Autoimmune Disease.

Beta Amyloid (42) ELISA K Beta Amyloid (1 40) ELISA Beta Amyloid (40) ELISA K Beta Amyloid (1 40) ELISA Cervical carcinoma tissue Tissue array of uterine c Phenethyl 1 thio beta D g Male genitourinary system Caspase-3 Inhibitor Z-DEV Caspase-3 Inhibitor Z-DEV Caspase-Family Inhibitor Caspase-Family Inhibitor

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Pancreatic β-Cell-Derived IP-10/CXCL10 Isletokine Mediates Early Loss of Graft Function in Islet Cell Transplantation.

Pancreatic islets produce and secrete cytokines and chemokines in response to inflammatory and metabolic stress. The physiological role of these "isletokines" in health and disease is largely unknown. We observed that islets release multiple inflammatory mediators in patients undergoing islet transplants within hours of infusion. The proinflammatory cytokine interferon-γ-induced protein 10 (IP-10/CXCL10) was among the highest released, and high levels correlated with poor islet transplant outcomes. Transgenic mouse studies confirmed that donor islet-specific expression of IP-10 contributed to islet inflammation and loss of β-cell function in islet grafts. The effects of islet-derived IP-10 could be blocked by treatment of donor islets and recipient mice with anti-IP-10 neutralizing monoclonal antibody. In vitro studies showed induction of the IP-10 gene was mediated by calcineurin-dependent NFAT signaling in pancreatic β-cells in response to oxidative or inflammatory stress. Sustained association of NFAT and p300 histone acetyltransferase with the IP-10 gene required p38 and c-Jun N-terminal kinase mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activity, which differentially regulated IP-10 expression and subsequent protein release. Overall, these findings elucidate an NFAT-MAPK signaling paradigm for induction of isletokine expression in β-cells and reveal IP-10 as a primary therapeutic target to prevent β-cell-induced inflammatory loss of graft function after islet cell transplantation.

1184 related Products with: Pancreatic β-Cell-Derived IP-10/CXCL10 Isletokine Mediates Early Loss of Graft Function in Islet Cell Transplantation.

CD34, Endothelial Cell; CD34, Endothelial Cell; CD34, Endothelial Cell; CELLKINES INTERLEUKIN 2 ( Human IP-10 (CXCL10) IP-1 Human Stromal Cell-Derive Human Stromal Cell-Derive Jurkat Cell Extract (Indu Jurkat Cell Extract (Indu Jurkat Cell Extract (Indu Jurkat Cell Extract (Indu Macrophage Colony Stimula

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HDAC6 inhibition upregulates CD20 levels and increases the efficacy of anti-CD20 monoclonal antibodies.

Downregulation of CD20, a molecular target for monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), is a clinical problem leading to decreased efficacy of anti-CD20-based therapeutic regimens. The epigenetic modulation of CD20 coding gene (MS4A1) has been proposed as a mechanism for the reduced therapeutic efficacy of anti-CD20 antibodies and confirmed with nonselective histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACis). Because the use of pan-HDACis is associated with substantial adverse effects, the identification of particular HDAC isoforms involved in CD20 regulation seems to be of paramount importance. In this study, we demonstrate for the first time the role of HDAC6 in the regulation of CD20 levels. We show that inhibition of HDAC6 activity significantly increases CD20 levels in established B-cell tumor cell lines and primary malignant cells. Using pharmacologic and genetic approaches, we confirm that HDAC6 inhibition augments in vitro efficacy of anti-CD20 mAbs and improves survival of mice treated with rituximab. Mechanistically, we demonstrate that HDAC6 influences synthesis of CD20 protein independently of the regulation of MS4A1 transcription. We further demonstrate that translation of CD20 mRNA is significantly enhanced after HDAC6 inhibition, as shown by the increase of CD20 mRNA within the polysomal fraction, indicating a new role of HDAC6 in the posttranscriptional mechanism of CD20 regulation. Collectively, our findings suggest HDAC6 inhibition is a rational therapeutic strategy to be implemented in combination therapies with anti-CD20 monoclonal antibodies and open up novel avenues for the clinical use of HDAC6 inhibitors.

2773 related Products with: HDAC6 inhibition upregulates CD20 levels and increases the efficacy of anti-CD20 monoclonal antibodies.

anti CD20 monoclonal anti Goat Anti-Human CD20 MS4A Rat Anti-Mouse CD200 [+Bi Rat Anti-Mouse CD200 [+FI Rat Anti-Mouse CD200 Anti Mouse Anti-Human CD200 An Mouse Anti-Rat CD200 L [+ Rat Anti-Mouse CD200R Ant Mouse Anti-Human CD200R A Mouse Anti-Human CD200R [ Mouse Anti-Pig CD203a Ant Mouse Anti-Pig CD203a [+F

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Antibody-mediated blockade of JMJD6 interaction with collagen I exerts antifibrotic and antimetastatic activities.

JMJD6 is known to localize in the nucleus, exerting histone arginine demethylase and lysyl hydroxylase activities. A novel localization of JMJD6 in the extracellular matrix, resulting from its secretion as a soluble protein, was unveiled by a new anti-JMJD6 mAb called P4E11, which was developed to identify new targets in the stroma. Recombinant JMJD6 binds with collagen type I (Coll-I), and distinct JMJD6 peptides interfere with collagen fibrillogenesis, collagen-fibronectin interaction, and adhesion of human tumor cells to the collagen substrate. P4E11 and collagen binding to JMJD6 are mutually exclusive because the amino acid sequences of JMJD6 necessary for the interaction with Coll-I are part of the conformational epitope recognized by P4E11. In mice injected with mouse 4T1 breast carcinoma cells, treatment with P4E11 reduced fibrosis at the primary tumor and prevented lung metastases. Reduction of fibrosis has also been documented in human breast and ovarian tumors (MDA-MB-231 and IGROV1, respectively) xenotransplanted into immunodeficient mice treated with P4E11. In summary, this study uncovers a new localization and function for JMJD6 that is most likely independent from its canonical enzymatic activities, and demonstrates that JMJD6 can functionally interact with Coll-I. P4E11 mAb, inhibiting JMJD6/Coll-I interaction, represents a new opportunity to target fibrotic and tumor diseases.-Miotti, S., Gulino, A., Ferri, R., Parenza, M., Chronowska, A., Lecis, D., Sangaletti, S., Tagliabue, E., Tripodo, C., Colombo, M. P. Antibody-mediated blockade of JMJD6 interaction with collagen I exerts antifibrotic and antimetastatic activities.

1960 related Products with: Antibody-mediated blockade of JMJD6 interaction with collagen I exerts antifibrotic and antimetastatic activities.

Mouse anti-chick type I c Mouse anti-chick type I c Mouse anti-bovine type I Mouse anti-bovine type I Mouse anti-porcine type I Mouse anti-porcine type I Mouse anti-human type I c Mouse anti-mouse type I c Mouse anti-mouse type I c Rat anti-chick type I col Rat anti-chick type I col Rat anti-bovine type I co

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Breaching peripheral tolerance promotes the production of HIV-1-neutralizing antibodies.

A subset of characterized HIV-1 broadly neutralizing antibodies (bnAbs) are polyreactive with additional specificities for self-antigens and it has been proposed immunological tolerance may present a barrier to their participation in protective humoral immunity. We address this hypothesis by immunizing autoimmune-prone mice with HIV-1 Envelope (Env) and characterizing the primary antibody response for HIV-1 neutralization. We find autoimmune mice generate neutralizing antibody responses to tier 2 HIV-1 strains with alum treatment alone in the absence of Env. Importantly, experimentally breaching immunological tolerance in wild-type mice also leads to the production of tier 2 HIV-1-neutralizing antibodies, which increase in breadth and potency following Env immunization. In both genetically prone and experimentally induced mouse models of autoimmunity, increased serum levels of IgM anti-histone H2A autoantibodies significantly correlated with tier 2 HIV-1 neutralization, and anti-H2A antibody clones were found to neutralize HIV-1. These data demonstrate that breaching peripheral tolerance permits a cross-reactive HIV-1 autoantibody response able to neutralize HIV-1.

2964 related Products with: Breaching peripheral tolerance promotes the production of HIV-1-neutralizing antibodies.

MONOBODIES (Monoclonal An MONOBODIES (Monoclonal An MONOBODIES (Monoclonal An MONOBODIES (Monoclonal An MONOBODIES (Monoclonal An MONOBODIES (Monoclonal An MONOBODIES (Monoclonal An Mouse Anti-HIV-1 gp120 (P Mouse Anti-HIV-1 gp120 (P Rabbit Anti-HIV-1 gp120 A Rabbit Anti-HIV-1 gp120 A Rabbit Anti-HIV-1 gp120 A

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Protein arginine methyltransferase 1 modulates innate immune responses through regulation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ-dependent macrophage differentiation.

Arginine methylation is a common posttranslational modification that has been shown to regulate both gene expression and extranuclear signaling events. We recently reported defects in protein arginine methyltransferase 1 (PRMT1) activity and arginine methylation in the livers of cirrhosis patients with a history of recurrent infections. To examine the role of PRMT1 in innate immune responses in vivo, we created a cell type-specific knock-out mouse model. We showed that myeloid-specific PRMT1 knock-out mice demonstrate higher proinflammatory cytokine production and a lower survival rate after cecal ligation and puncture. We found that this defect is because of defective peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ)-dependent M2 macrophage differentiation. PPARγ is one of the key transcription factors regulating macrophage polarization toward a more anti-inflammatory and pro-resolving phenotype. We found that PRMT1 knock-out macrophages failed to up-regulate PPARγ expression in response to IL4 treatment resulting in 4-fold lower PPARγ expression in knock-out cells than in wild-type cells. Detailed study of the mechanism revealed that PRMT1 regulates PPARγ gene expression through histone H4R3me2a methylation at the PPARγ promoter. Supplementing with PPARγ agonists rosiglitazone and GW1929 was sufficient to restore M2 differentiation in vivo and in vitro and abrogated the difference in survival between wild-type and PRMT1 knock-out mice. Taken together these data suggest that PRMT1-dependent regulation of macrophage PPARγ expression contributes to the infection susceptibility in PRMT1 knock-out mice.

2811 related Products with: Protein arginine methyltransferase 1 modulates innate immune responses through regulation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ-dependent macrophage differentiation.

Rabbit Anti-IEX1 Differen Rabbit Anti-IEX1 Differen Rabbit Anti-IEX1 Differen Rabbit Anti-IEX1 Differen Rabbit Anti-IEX1 Differen Rabbit Anti-IEX1 Differen Rabbit Anti-IEX1 Differen Rabbit Anti-IEX1 Differen Rabbit Anti-IEX1 Differen Rabbit Anti-IEX1 Differen Rabbit Anti-IEX1 Differen Rabbit Anti-IEX1 Differen

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Class IIa HDAC inhibition reduces breast tumours and metastases through anti-tumour macrophages.

Although the main focus of immuno-oncology has been manipulating the adaptive immune system, harnessing both the innate and adaptive arms of the immune system might produce superior tumour reduction and elimination. Tumour-associated macrophages often have net pro-tumour effects, but their embedded location and their untapped potential provide impetus to discover strategies to turn them against tumours. Strategies that deplete (anti-CSF-1 antibodies and CSF-1R inhibition) or stimulate (agonistic anti-CD40 or inhibitory anti-CD47 antibodies) tumour-associated macrophages have had some success. We hypothesized that pharmacologic modulation of macrophage phenotype could produce an anti-tumour effect. We previously reported that a first-in-class selective class IIa histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, TMP195, influenced human monocyte responses to the colony-stimulating factors CSF-1 and CSF-2 in vitro. Here, we utilize a macrophage-dependent autochthonous mouse model of breast cancer to demonstrate that in vivo TMP195 treatment alters the tumour microenvironment and reduces tumour burden and pulmonary metastases by modulating macrophage phenotypes. TMP195 induces the recruitment and differentiation of highly phagocytic and stimulatory macrophages within tumours. Furthermore, combining TMP195 with chemotherapy regimens or T-cell checkpoint blockade in this model significantly enhances the durability of tumour reduction. These data introduce class IIa HDAC inhibition as a means to harness the anti-tumour potential of macrophages to enhance cancer therapy.

2596 related Products with: Class IIa HDAC inhibition reduces breast tumours and metastases through anti-tumour macrophages.

Mouse Anti-Major Histocom Mouse Anti-Major Histocom Mouse Anti-Mouse MHC Clas Mouse Anti-Mouse MHC Clas Mouse Anti-Mouse MHC Clas Mouse Anti-Mouse MHC Clas Mouse Anti-Major Histocom Mouse Anti-Major Histocom Mouse Anti-Major Histocom Mouse Anti-Major Histocom Mouse Anti-Major Histocom Mouse Anti-Mouse MHC Clas

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Enhancement of pomalidomide anti-tumor response with ACY-241, a selective HDAC6 inhibitor.

Thalidomide-based Immunomodulatory Drugs (IMiDs®), including lenalidomide and pomalidomide, are effective therapeutics for multiple myeloma. These agents have been approved with, or are under clinical development with, other targeted therapies including proteasome inhibitors, αCD38 monoclonal antibodies, as well as histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors for combination therapy. HDAC inhibitors broadly targeting Class I and IIb HDACs have shown potent preclinical efficacy but have frequently demonstrated an undesirable safety profile in combination therapy approaches in clinical studies. Therefore, development of more selective HDAC inhibitors could provide enhanced efficacy with reduced side effects in combination with IMiDs® for the treatment of B-cell malignancies, including multiple myeloma. Here, the second generation selective HDAC6 inhibitor citarinostat (ACY-241), with a more favorable safety profile than non-selective pan-HDAC inhibitors, is shown to synergize with pomalidomide in in vitro assays through promoting greater apoptosis and cell cycle arrest. Furthermore, utilizing a multiple myeloma in vivo murine xenograft model, combination treatment with pomalidomide and ACY-241 leads to increased tumor growth inhibition. At the molecular level, combination treatment with ACY-241 and pomalidomide leads to greater suppression of the pro-survival factors survivin, Myc, and IRF4. The results presented here demonstrate synergy between pomalidomide and ACY-241 in both in vitro and in vivo preclinical models, providing further impetus for clinical development of ACY-241 for use in combination with IMiDs for patients with multiple myeloma and potentially other B-cell malignancies.

1773 related Products with: Enhancement of pomalidomide anti-tumor response with ACY-241, a selective HDAC6 inhibitor.

Akt Inhibitor, Isozyme Se Primary antibody IRAK-2 Anti beta3 AR Human, Poly Rabbit anti PDK-1 (Ab-241 Multiple organ tumor and Rabbit Anti-WT-1 Wilms Tu Rabbit Anti-WT-1 Wilms Tu Rabbit Anti-WT-1 Wilms Tu Rabbit Anti-WT-1 Wilms Tu Rabbit Anti-WT-1 Wilms Tu Rabbit Anti-WT-1 Wilms Tu Rabbit Anti-WT-1 Wilms Tu

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HDAC Inhibitor Panobinostat Engages Host Innate Immune Defenses to Promote the Tumoricidal Effects of Trastuzumab in HER2+ Tumors.

Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) may engage host immunity as one basis for their antitumor effects. Herein, we demonstrate an application of this concept using the HDACi panobinostat to augment the antitumor efficacy of trastuzumab (anti-HER2) therapy, through both tumor cell autonomous and nonautonomous mechanisms. In HER2+ tumors that are inherently sensitive to the cytostatic effects of trastuzumab, cotreatment with panobinostat abrogated AKT signaling and triggered tumor regression in mice that lacked innate and/or adaptive immune effector cells. However, the cooperative ability of panobinostat and trastuzumab to harness host anticancer immune defenses was essential for their curative activity in trastuzumab-refractory HER2+ tumors. In trastuzumab-resistant HER2+ AU565pv xenografts and BT474 tumors expressing constitutively active AKT, panobinostat enhanced the antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity function of trastuzumab. IFNγ-mediated, CXCR3-dependent increases in tumor-associated NK cells underpinned the combined curative activity of panobinostat and trastuzumab in these tumors. These data highlight the immune-enhancing effects of panobinostat and provide compelling evidence that this HDACi can license trastuzumab to evoke NK-cell-mediated responses capable of eradicating trastuzumab-refractory HER2+ tumors. Cancer Res; 77(10); 2594-606. ©2017 AACR.

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LBH-589 (Panobinostat) Me FDA Standard Frozen Tissu FDA Standard Frozen Tissu FDA Standard Frozen Tissu FDA Standard Frozen Tissu Hamster AntiSerine Protea Hamster AntiSerine Protea HDAC Inhibitor Drug Scree HDAC-3 Inhibitor Screenin DiscoveryPak™ HDAC Inhi anti-Diazepam Binding Inh anti-Diazepam Binding Inh

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