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The expression of bacteriocin production and self-resistance in Lactobacillus brevis 174A is mediated by two regulatory proteins.

We have previously shown that a lactic acid bacterium Lactobacillus (Lb.) brevis 174A isolated from a Citrus iyo fruit produces bacteriocin designated brevicin 174A, which is comprised of two antibacterial polypeptides (designated brevicin 174A-β and 174A-γ). We have also found a gene cluster, composed of eight open reading frames (ORFs), that contains genes for the biosynthesis of brevicin 174A, self-resistance to its own bacteriocin, and two transcriptional regulatory proteins.Some lactic acid bacterial strains have a system to start the production of bacteriocin at an adequate stage of the growth. Generally, the system consists of a membrane-bound histidine protein kinase (HPK) that senses a specific environmental stimulus and a corresponding response regulator (RR) that mediates the cellular response.We have previously shown that although the HPK- and RR-encoding genes are not found on the brevicin 174A biosynthetic gene cluster in the 174A strain, two putative regulatory genes, designated breD and breG, are in the gene cluster.In the present study, we demonstrate that the expression of brevicin 174A production and self-resistance is positively controlled by two transcriptional regulatory proteins, designated BreD and BreG. The BreD is expressed together with BreE as the self-resistance determinant of Lb. brevis 174A. The DNase I footprinting analysis and the promoter assay demonstrate that BreD binds to the breED promoter as a positive autoregulator. The present study also demonstrates that BreG, carrying a transmembrane domain, binds to the common promoter of breB and breC encoding brevicin 174A-β and 174A-γ, respectively, in order to regulate positively.Importance. The problem of appearance of bacteria resistant to practical antibiotics and the increasing demand for safe foods have increased the interest in replacing conventional antibiotics with bacteriocin produced by the lactic acid bacteria. The antibacterial substance can inhibit the growth of pathogenic bacteria without a side-effect to human body. The bacteriocin, which is produced by a Citrus iyo-derived Lactobacillus brevis, inhibits the growth of pathogenic bacteria such as Listeria monocytogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, and Streptococcus mutansIn general, lactic acid bacterial strains have a system to start the production of bacteriocin at an adequate stage of the growth, which is called quorum-sensing system. The system consists of a membrane-bound histidine protein kinase that senses a specific environmental stimulus and a corresponding response regulator that mediates the cellular response. The present study demonstrates that the expression of the bacteriocin biosynthesizing- and self-resistance determinant-encoding genes is positively controlled by two transcriptional regulatory proteins.

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Recombinant Influenza HA Recombinant Influenza HA Recombinant Influenza HA Native Influenza HA (A So Native Influenza HA (A So Native Influenza HA (A So Interleukin-34 IL34 (N-t Interleukin-34 IL34 anti Anti AGO2 Human, Monoclon Anti AGO2 Mouse, Monoclon Anti AGO2 Human, Monoclon Anti AGO2 Mouse, Monoclon

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Characterization of multiple antilisterial peptides produced by sakacin P-producing Lactobacillus sakei subsp. sakei 2a.

Antimicrobial compounds produced by lactic acid bacteria can be explored as natural food biopreservatives. In a previous report, the main antimicrobial compounds produced by the Brazilian meat isolate Lactobacillus sakei subsp. sakei 2a, i.e., bacteriocin sakacin P and two ribosomal peptides (P2 and P3) active against Listeria monocytogenes, were described. In this study, we report the spectrum of activity, molecular mass, structural identity and mechanism of action of additional six antilisterial peptides produced by Lb. sakei 2a, detected in a 24 h-culture in MRS broth submitted to acid treatment (pH 1.5) and proper fractionation and purification steps for obtention of free and cell-bound proteins. The six peptides presented similarity to different ribosomal proteins of Lb. sakei subsp sakei 23K and the molecular masses varied from 4.6 to 11.0 kDa. All peptides were capable to increase the efflux of ATP and decrease the membrane potential in Listeria monocytogenes. The activity of a pool of the obtained antilisterial compounds [enriched active fraction (EAF)] against Listeria monocytogenes in a food model (meat gravy) during refrigerated storage (4 °C) for 10 days was also tested and results indicated that the populations of L. monocytogenes in the food model containing the acid extract remained lower than those at time 0-day, evidencing that the acid extract of a culture of Lb. sakei 2a is a good technological alternative for the control of growth of L. monocytogenes in foods.

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Draft Genome Sequences of 510 Listeria monocytogenes Strains from Food Isolates and Human Listeriosis Cases from Northern Italy.

Listeriosis outbreaks are frequently multistate/multicountry outbreaks, underlining the importance of molecular typing data for several diverse and well-characterized isolates. Large-scale whole-genome sequencing studies on Listeria monocytogenes isolates from non-U.S. locations have been limited. Herein, we describe the draft genome sequences of 510 L. monocytogenes isolates from northern Italy from different sources.

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LISTERIA MONOCYTOGENES se Active Human Caspase 5100 Rabbit Anti-Human Androge Rabbit Anti-Human Androge Multiple normal human org Multiple human normal org Normal human tissue micro Normal human top 10 organ Normal human tissue panel Human normal bone tissue Human normal bone and ost Human normal bone and ost

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Lack of functional selectin-ligand interactions enhances innate immune resistance to systemic Listeria monocytogenes infection.

Selectin-ligand interactions are important for leukocyte homing and functionality. The roles of selectin-ligand interactions in modulating immunity to intracellular infections are not completely understood. Mice lacking the expression of fucosyltransferase-IV and -VII (Fucosyltransferase-IV and -VII double knockout, FtDKO) exhibit deficient functionality of selectin-ligand interactions. We addressed the kinetics of infection and immunity to Listeria monocytogenes (LM), an intracellular pathogen, in FtDKO mice. These mice exhibited enhanced ability to clear infection and increased survival to a lethal dose of LM infection relative to wild-type (WT) C57BL/6J controls. This was associated with increased levels of neutrophils, monocytes, and dendritic cells (DCs) in the blood and/or infected organs. Adoptive transfer of bone marrow (BM) cells from FtDKO mice to WT mice resulted in enhanced neutrophil numbers and improved clearance of LM bacteria in recipients. In vivo depletion of myeloid innate immune cells, particularly neutrophils, monocytes, macrophages, and DCs, using anti-Ly-6G (RB6-8C5) monoclonal antibody, reduced the ability of FtDKO mice to curtail LM infection. Nevertheless, depletion using anti-Ly-6G (1A8) known to exclusively deplete neutrophils did not abrogate increased resistance of FtDKO mice to LM infection, suggesting a role for other myeloid innate immune cells in this model. Examination of BM hematopoietic progenitors through flow cytometry and cell culture colony-forming unit assay showed increased frequencies of granulocyte-macrophage progenitors in FtDKO relative to WT mice, Overall, our results indicate that functional selectin ligand deficiency enhances innate immune-mediated resistance to systemic LM infection despite defective leukocyte migration and lymphocyte homing.

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LISTERIA MONOCYTOGENES se Mouse Anti-Listeria monoc Mouse Anti-Listeria monoc Total Human tPA Functiona Topoisomerase II; Clone Topoisomerase II; Clone Topoisomerase II; Clone Toludine Blue Solution Toludine Blue Solution Toludine Blue Solution Toxoplasma gondii MIC 3 r Toxoplasma gondii P24 (GR

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Discovery of genes required for lipoteichoic acid glycosylation predicts two distinct mechanism for wall teichoic acid glycosylation.

The bacterial cell wall is an important and highly complex structure that is essential for bacterial growth because it protects bacteria from cell lysis and environmental insults. A typical Gram-positive bacterial cell wall is composed of peptidoglycan and the secondary cell wall polymers, wall teichoic acid (WTA) and lipoteichoic acid (LTA). In many Gram-positive bacteria, LTA is a polyglycerol-phosphate chain that is decorated with D-alanine and sugar residues. However, the function of and proteins responsible for the glycosylation of LTA are either unknown or not well-characterized. Here, using bioinformatics, genetic, and NMR spectroscopy approaches, we found that the Bacillus subtilis csbB and yfhO genes are essential for LTA glycosylation. Interestingly, the Listeria monocytogenes gene lmo1079, which encodes a YfhO ortholog, was not required for LTA glycosylation, but instead was essential for WTA glycosylation. LTA is polymerized on the outside of the cell and hence can only be glycosylated extracellularly. Based on the similarity of the genes coding for YfhO orthologs that are required in B. subtilis for LTA glycosylation or in L. monocytogenes for WTA glycosylation, we hypothesize that WTA glycosylation might also occur extracellularly in Listeria species. Finally, we discovered that in L. monocytogenes lmo0626 (gtlB) was required for LTA glycosylation, indicating that the encoded protein has a similar function to YfhO, even though the proteins are not homologous. Together, our results enable us to propose an updated model for LTA glycosylation and also indicate that glycosylation of WTA might occur through two different mechanisms in Gram-positive bacteria.

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(5Z)-7-[(5-Acetyloxy-2-fo (5Z)-7-[(5-Acetyloxy-2-fo 3-Formylindol-1-yl-acetic 4 Formylphenylboronic aci 5 (4 Formyl 3,5 dimethoxy 4 Formylphenylboronic aci 5 Formyl 2 thiopheneboron 4 (4 Formyl 3,5 dimethoxy Formamidinesulfinic acid 2 Formylfuran 5 boronic a 3-Formylindol-1-yl-acetic 2 Fluoro 5 formylphenylbo

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Morphological changes of bacterial cells upon exposure of silver-silver chloride nanoparticles synthesized using Agrimonia pilosa.

Facile, eco-friendly synthesis of metal nanoparticles has been proposed as a cost effective method. In the present study, we propose the facile synthesis of silver-silver chloride (Ag-AgCl) nanoparticles (NPs) using the medicinally important Agrimonia pilosa plant extract without addition of capping or stabilizing agents. The Ag-AgCl NPs synthesis was observed at 40 °C after 10 min incubation; the synthesis of Ag-AgCl NPs was indicated by color change and confirmed by UV-vis spectroscopic peak at 454 nm. TEM analysis confirmed Ag-AgCl NPs were 10-20 nm in size and spherical, and oval in shape. Elemental composition was determined by energy dispersive X-ray analysis, and crystalline structure was confirmed by X-ray diffraction spectroscopy. Different phytocomponents present in the plant extract were analyzed by Gas Chromatography-Mass spectrometry, and the interaction of biomolecules in reduction process was analyzed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy studies. The synthesized Ag-AgCl NPs showed significant antibacterial efficiency, analyzed by well diffusion assay against pathogenic bacteria including Bacillus cereus, Listeria monocytogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus saprophyticus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas putida. Minimum inhibitory concentration and minimum bactericidal concentration were evaluated by microbroth dilution, and spread plate method, respectively. The possible mechanism of bacterial growth inhibition is due to changes in bacterial cell wall morphology that was studied by FE-SEM analysis.

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Microbiological Quality and Safety of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables at Retail Levels in Korea.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the microbiological quality and safety of fresh produce at retail level in Korea in order to periodically update information and establish available risks associated with consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables. The samples from different markets located in 3 provinces of South Korea were collected. The protocol in the Korean Food Standards Codex was applied and generic Escherichia coli, coliforms, aerobic mesophilic bacteria (AMB), and yeast and mold (YM) in 360 packaged and unpackaged fresh fruits and vegetables were analyzed. Presence of pathogens was examined using real-time polymerase chain reaction (q-PCR) after enrichment of samples. For all, the microbial counts ranged from 1.7 to 10.6 log cfu/g for AMB, 2.2 to 7.9 log cfu/g for coliforms, and 5.5 to 7.9 log cfu/g for YM. Three lettuce samples were contaminated by E. coli with a bacterial load ranging from 2 to 4 log cfu/g. Salmonella spp. were not detected in any fresh produce. Listeria monocytogenes, E. coli O157:H7, and Staphylococcus aureus were found in 1 (0.6%), 3 (0.8%), and 5 (1.4%) fresh produce samples, respectively. Bacillus cereus (50.3%) and Clostridium perfringens (13.3%) had the highest prevalence. These results indicate the need for employing strict control measures and developing preventive strategies to improve the quality and safety of fresh produce in Korea.

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Caspase-12 Inhibitor Z-AT Caspase-12 Inhibitor Z-AT Caspase 12 Inhibitor Z AT Caspase-12 Inhibitor Z-AT Caspase-12 Inhibitor Z-AT Caspase 12 Inhibitor Z AT Androgen Receptor (Phosph Androgen Receptor (Phosph Goat Anti- ATG5, (interna Rabbit Anti-Human Androge Rabbit Anti-Human Androge ATM Kinase Inhibitor

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Listeria monocytogenes Endocarditis: Case Report, Review of the Literature, and Laboratory Evaluation of Potential Novel Antibiotic Synergies.

Endocarditis is a rare but serious manifestation of Listeria monocytogenes (LM). However, the optimal treatment strategy for LM endocarditis has yet to be established. Current antibiotic strategies for listeriosis include penicillin G or ampicillin (AMP) monotherapy, or AMP + gentamicin combination therapy which is often favored for endocarditis. The primary objective of our investigation was to assess the utility of AMP + ceftriaxone (CRO) and AMP + daptomycin (DAP) against LM, modeling less nephrotoxic antibiotic combinations traditionally used to manage resistant enterococcal endocarditis. Here we report a case of LM endocarditis, review the world literature, and evaluate alternative treatment strategies for listeriosis utilizing in vitro and ex vivo studies. The combination of AMP + CRO and AMP + DAP were each noted to have synergistic activity against a LM endocarditis isolate. Additionally, pre-treatment of the isolate with sub-lethal concentrations of antibiotics (AMP, CRO, DAP, AMP + CRO or AMP + DAP) sensitized the bacterium to whole blood killing while CRO and DAP further sensitized the bacterium to neutrophil killing. However, these effects did not reflect potentiation of antibiotic activity to human cathelicidin peptide LL-37, which is abundant in neutrophils and highly active against LM. Interestingly, AMP pre-treatment of the LM endocarditis isolate resulted in increased DAP binding to the bacterium when assessed by fluorescence microscopy. These in vitro and ex vivo studies suggest further investigation of combination therapy using AMP + CRO or AMP + DAP as an alternative treatment for LM infection is warranted.

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LISTERIA MONOCYTOGENES se ELISA TEK™ MBM Thermal Mouse Anti-Listeria monoc Mouse Anti-Listeria monoc FDA Standard Frozen Tissu Normal rat multiple organ Normal rat multiple organ Normal rat multiple organ Ofloxacin CAS Number [824 Multiple organ cancer tis Multiple organ tumor tiss Tissue array of ovarian g

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Partial Characterization of Bacteriocin Produced by Halotolerant Pediococcus acidilactici Strain QC38 Isolated from Traditional Cotija Cheese.

During a screening of lactic acid bacteria producing bacteriocin from Cotija cheese, the strain QC38 was isolated. Based on the 16S rRNA gene nucleotide sequencing (516 pb accession no KJ210322) and phylogenetic analysis, the isolate was identified as Pediococcus acidilactici. Neutralized cell-free supernatant was tested for antimicrobial activity against 17 Gram-negative and Gram-positive pathogens. Growth inhibition was achieved against Listeria monocytogenes (supplier or indication or source), Staphylococcus aureus, Vibrio vulnificus, Vibrio cholerae O1 Ogawa, Vibrio cholerae NO 01 and Salmonella enterica subsp. Enterica serovar Typhimurium. Bacteriocin-like substance, after heating at 121°C for 15 min it remained stable and its antimicrobial activity was observed at pH ranging from 1.0 to 10.0 but inactivated by α-chymotrypsin and proteinase K. Strain QC38 was able to grow in 1-9% NaCl concentration. The plate overlay assay showed an approximate size of bacteriocin-like substance between 3.4 and 6.5 kDa. P. acidilactici QC38 harboured a plasmid that contains a gene for a pediocin (PA-1).

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Cell Strainers 40μm Cell Cell Strainers 70μm Cell Cell Strainers 100μm Cel PAK1 (partial RD) PAK1 (partial KD) Anti C Reactive Protein A MOUSE ANTI BOVINE ROTAVIR Anti AGO2 Human, Monoclon anti GSK3 Beta IgG2a (mon anti HIV 2 gp36 IgG1 (mon anti HIV 1 p24 IgG1 (mono anti HIV 1 p55 17 IgG1 (m

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[A Listeria breast abscess in a man].

Listeriosis is a food-borne illness leading to bacteriemia or central nervous system infection especially in pregnant women or high-risk patients. It is rarely a localized infection. Breast contamination has rarely been reported in lactating women. We report a breast abscess in man.

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