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#28848967   2017/08/29 Save this To Up

Anti-tumor bioactivities of curcumin on mice loaded with gastric carcinoma.

Curcumin, a derivative from the dried rhizome of curcuma longa, has been proven to possess anti-tumor effects. However, the detailed molecular mechanisms have not been fully elucidated. In this study, we aimed to explore the anti-tumor mechanisms of curcumin in treating gastric cancer. BALB/C mice grafted with a mouse gastric adenocarcinoma cell line (MFC) were used as the experimental model. Mice received different doses of curcumin after grafting. Tumor size was measured and tumor weight was determined after tumor inoculation. TUNEL assay and flow cytometric analysis were applied to evaluate the apoptosis of the cancer cells. Serum cytokines IFN-γ, TNF-α, granzyme B and perforin were detected by ELISA assay. The anti-tumor effect was determined using cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) assays and in vivo tumor prevention tests. The expression of DEC1, HIF-1α, STAT3 and VEGF in tumor tissues was examined by immunostaining and analyzed using an Image J analysis system. Compared with controls, tumor growth (size and weight) was significantly inhibited by curcumin treatment (P < 0.05). The apoptotic index in gastric cancer cells was significantly increased in the curcumin treatment group. Splenocyte cells from mice treated with curcumin exhibited higher cytolytic effects on MFC cancer cells than those from mice treated with saline (P < 0.01). The expression of DEC1, HIF-1α, STAT3 and VEGF in tumor tissues was down-regulated after curcumin treatment. Our results indicate that curcumin inhibits the proliferation of gastric carcinoma by inducing the apoptosis of tumor cells, activating immune cells to secrete a large amount of cytokines, and down-regulating the DEC1, HIF-1α, VEGF and STAT3 signal transduction pathways.

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Anti C Reactive Protein A Liver carcinoma (multi-ti Skin malignant tumor tiss Multiple organ tumor and Breast cancer and matched Breast cancer and matched Breast invasive ductal ca Rabbit Anti-FGF3 Oncogene Rabbit Anti-WT-1 Wilms Tu Rabbit Anti-WT-1 Wilms Tu Rabbit Anti-WT-1 Wilms Tu Rabbit Anti-WT-1 Wilms Tu

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#28743062   2017/07/25 Save this To Up

Peripheral leucocytes and tissue gene expression of granzyme B/perforin system and serpinB9: Impact on inflammation and insulin resistance in coronary atherosclerosis.

The imbalance between proapoptotic granzyme B (GZB)/perforin (PRF) system and proteinase inhibitor-9 (PI-9; serpinB9); the only known inhibitor of human GZB, has been demonstrated in atherosclerosis. However, their role in atherosclerosis with the impact of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) as well as their contribution to hallmarks of atherosclerosis is not clear.

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Male genitourinary system DNA (cytosine 5) methyltr Androgen Receptor (Phosph Androgen Receptor (Phosph Rabbit Anti-Human Androge Rabbit Anti-Human Androge Androgen Receptor (Ab 650 AZD-3514 Mechanisms: Andr 17β-Acetoxy-2α-bromo-5 (5α,16β)-N-Acetyl-16-[2 (5α,16β)-N-Acetyl-16-ac 5α-N-Acetyl-2'H-androst-

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#28717654   2017/07/18 Save this To Up

Fusion to Flaviviral Leader Peptide Targets HIV-1 Reverse Transcriptase for Secretion and Reduces Its Enzymatic Activity and Ability to Induce Oxidative Stress but Has No Major Effects on Its Immunogenic Performance in DNA-Immunized Mice.

Reverse transcriptase (RT) is a key enzyme in viral replication and susceptibility to ART and a crucial target of immunotherapy against drug-resistant HIV-1. RT induces oxidative stress which undermines the attempts to make it immunogenic. We hypothesized that artificial secretion may reduce the stress and make RT more immunogenic. Inactivated multidrug-resistant RT (RT1.14opt-in) was N-terminally fused to the signal providing secretion of NS1 protein of TBEV (Ld) generating optimized inactivated Ld-carrying enzyme RT1.14oil. Promotion of secretion prohibited proteasomal degradation increasing the half-life and content of RT1.14oil in cells and cell culture medium, drastically reduced the residual polymerase activity, and downmodulated oxidative stress. BALB/c mice were DNA-immunized with RT1.14opt-in or parental RT1.14oil by intradermal injections with electroporation. Fluorospot and ELISA tests revealed that RT1.14opt-in and RT1.14oil induced IFN-γ/IL-2, RT1.14opt-in induced granzyme B, and RT1.14oil induced perforin production. Perforin secretion correlated with coproduction of IFN-γ and IL-2 (R = 0,97). Both DNA immunogens induced strong anti-RT antibody response. Ld peptide was not immunogenic. Thus, Ld-driven secretion inferred little change to RT performance in DNA immunization. Positive outcome was the abrogation of polymerase activity increasing safety of RT-based DNA vaccines. Identification of the molecular determinants of low cellular immunogenicity of RT requires further studies.

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Human normal fetal frozen Head & Neck cancer test t HIV 1 reverse transcripta HIV 1 Reverse transcripta HIV 1 Reverse transcripta Native Influenza HA (A To Native Influenza HA (A To Cell Meter™ Fluorimetri Cell Meter™ Fluorimetri Tom 40 Blocking Peptide;A 3-O-Acetyl-17-O-tert-buty Top five cancer tissue ar

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#28701393   2017/07/13 Save this To Up

HIV-1 Env- and Vpu-Specific Antibody-Dependent Cellular Cytotoxicity Responses Associated with Elite Control of HIV.

Studying HIV-infected individuals who control HIV replication (elite controllers [ECs]) enables exploration of effective anti-HIV immunity. HIV Env-specific and non-Env-specific antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) may contribute to protection from progressive HIV infection, but the evidence is limited. We recruited 22 ECs and matched them with 44 viremic subjects. HIV Env- and Vpu-specific ADCC responses in sera were studied using a novel enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)-based dimeric recombinant soluble FcγRIIIa (rsFcγRIIIa)-binding assay, surface plasmon resonance, antibody-dependent natural killer (NK) cell activation assays, and ADCC-mediated killing assays. ECs had higher levels of HIV Env-specific antibodies capable of binding FcγRIIIa, activating NK cells, and mediating granzyme B activity (all P < 0.01) than viremic subjects. ECs also had higher levels of antibodies against a C-terminal 13-mer Vpu peptide capable of mediating FcγRIIIa binding and NK cell activation than viremic subjects (both P < 0.05). Our data associate Env-specific and Vpu epitope-specific ADCC in effective immune responses against HIV among ECs. Our findings have implications for understanding the role of ADCC in HIV control.IMPORTANCE Understanding immune responses associated with elite control of HIV may aid the development of immunotherapeutic and vaccine strategies for controlling HIV infection. Env is a major HIV protein target of functional antibody responses that are heightened in ECs. Interestingly, EC antibodies also target Vpu, an accessory protein crucial to HIV, which degrades CD4 and antagonizes tetherin. Antibodies specific to Vpu are a common feature of the immune response of ECs that may prove to be of functional importance to the design of improved ADCC-based immunotherapy and preventative HIV vaccines.

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#28699362   2017/07/12 Save this To Up

Elevated levels of granzyme B correlated with miR-874-3p downregulation in patients with acute myocardial infarction.

Granzyme B could induce apoptosis of target cell in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and was identified as the target of miR-874-3p by searching the miRNA database. We aim to determine the levels of granzyme B and miR-874-3p as well as assay their correlations or predict powers in AMI.

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Syringe pump can be contr BCIP INT Solution BCIP INT Solution BCIP INT Solution CELLKINES Natural Human I Human Macrophage Inflamma Human Macrophage Inflamma Human Epstein-Barr Virus Human Interleukin-1-beta Human Gro g Macrophage In Active Granzyme B5 ug Caspase Inhibitor Boc-D-F

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#28431214   2017/04/21 Save this To Up

Interferon-γ Released by Activated CD8(+) T Lymphocytes Impairs the Calcium Resorption Potential of Osteoclasts in Calcified Human Aortic Valves.

In calcific aortic valve disease (CAVD), activated T lymphocytes localize with osteoclast regions; however, the functional consequences of this association remain unknown. We hypothesized that CD8(+) T cells modulate calcification in CAVD. CAVD valves (n = 52) dissected into noncalcified and calcified portions were subjected to mRNA extraction, real-time quantitative PCR, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and immunohistochemical analyses. Compared with noncalcified portions, calcified regions exhibited elevated transcripts for CD8, interferon (IFN)-γ, CXCL9, Perforin 1, Granzyme B, and heat shock protein 60. Osteoclast-associated receptor activator of NK-κB ligand (RANKL), tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP), and osteoclast-associated receptor increased significantly. The stimulation of tissue with phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate and ionomycin, recapitulating CAVD microenvironment, resulted in IFN-γ release. Real-time quantitative PCR detected mRNAs for CD8(+) T-cell activation (Perforin 1, Granzyme B). In stimulated versus unstimulated organoid cultures, elevated IFN-γ reduced the mRNAs encoding for RANKL, TRAP, and Cathepsin K. Molecular imaging showed increased calcium signal intensity in stimulated versus unstimulated parts. CD14(+) monocytes treated either with recombinant human IFN-γ or with conditioned media-derived IFN-γ exhibited low levels of Cathepsin K, TRAP, RANK, and tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6 mRNAs, whereas concentrations of the T-cell co-activators CD80 and CD86 increased in parallel with reduced osteoclast resorptive function, effects abrogated by neutralizing anti-IFN-γ antibodies. CD8(+) cell-derived IFN-γ suppresses osteoclast function and may thus favor calcification in CAVD.

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#28416006   2017/04/18 Save this To Up

Leishmania major large RAB GTPase is highly immunogenic in individuals immune to cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis.

We previously identified a Leishmania (L.) major large RAB GTPase (LmlRAB), a new atypical RAB GTPase protein. It is highly conserved in Leishmania species while displaying low level of homology with mammalian homologues. Leishmania small RAB GTPases proteins have been involved in regulation of exocytic and endocytic pathways whereas the role of large RAB GTPases proteins has not been characterized yet. We report here the immunogenicity of both recombinant rLmlRAB and rLmlRABC, in individuals with immunity against L. major or L. infantum.

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#28385330   2017/04/07 Save this To Up

A similar local immune and oxidative stress phenotype in vitiligo and halo nevus.

Vitiligo and halo nevus are two common T-cell-mediated skin disorders. Although autoimmunity has been suggested to be involved in both diseases, the relationship between vitiligo and halo nevus is not fully understood.

2741 related Products with: A similar local immune and oxidative stress phenotype in vitiligo and halo nevus.

OXI TEK (Oxidative Stress Androgen Receptor (Phosph Androgen Receptor (Phosph Rabbit Anti-Human Androge Rabbit Anti-Human Androge Androgen Receptor (Ab 650 Anti beta3 AR Human, Poly AZD-3514 Mechanisms: Andr 17β-Acetoxy-2α-bromo-5 (5α,16β)-N-Acetyl-16-[2 (5α,16β)-N-Acetyl-16-ac 5α-N-Acetyl-2'H-androst-

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#28344062   2017/03/27 Save this To Up

IL-21 May Promote Granzyme B-Dependent NK/Plasmacytoid Dendritic Cell Functional Interaction in Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus.

Autoimmune skin lesions are characterized by a complex cytokine milieu and by the accumulation of plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs). Granzyme B (GrB) transcript is abundant in activated pDCs, though its mechanisms of regulation and biological role are largely unknown. Here we report that IL-21 was the only T helper 1/T helper 17 cytokine able to induce the expression and secretion of GrB by pDCs and that this action was counteracted by the autocrine production of type I IFNs. In lupus erythematosus skin lesions, the percentage of GrB(+) pDCs directly correlated with the IL-21/MxA ratio, indicating that the interplay between these two cytokines finely tunes the levels of pDC-dependent GrB also in vivo. In lupus erythematosus, pDCs colocalized with professional cytotoxic cells at sites of epithelial damage, suggesting a role in keratinocyte killing. Accordingly, we demonstrate that supernatants of IL-21-activated pDCs promoted autologous keratinocyte killing by natural killer cells and this action was dependent on GrB. These results propose a GrB-dependent functional interaction between pDCs and natural killer cells and highlight a negative feedback regulation by type I IFNs in vitro and in vivo that may function to limit excessive tissue damage.

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#27894665   2016/11/29 Save this To Up

Modulatory effects of curcumin on apoptosis and cytotoxicity-related molecules in HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) patients.

Apoptosis is a universal cellular defense mechanism against viral infection. Curcumin, an anti-inflammatory phytochemical, induces apoptosis through mitochondrial and receptor-mediated pathways, as well as activation of caspase cascades. Here, we investigated the impact of supplementation with curcumin on the expression of a panel of apoptosis- and cytotoxicity-related genes in patients suffering from HTLV-1 associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP), a progressive demyelinating neuroinflammatory disease caused by HTLV-1 infection. Twenty-one HAM/TSP patients enrolled in this study. Curcumin nanomicelles (80mg/day, orally) were administered once a day for 12 weeks. The mRNA levels of total Fas (tFas), membrane-bound Fas (mFas), Fas-Ligand (FasL), TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), perforin, granzyme A, granzyme B and granulysin were analyzed before and after treatment in peripheral blood lymphocytes. Protein levels of Fas, FasL, TRAIL and granulysin were also measured in serum using ELISA. Curcumin supplementation inhibited FasL mRNA production and up-regulated the expression of pro-apoptotic molecules granzyme A (at the mRNA level) and granulysin (at the protein level), suggesting degranulation of granulysin-bearing cells following curcumin supplementation. Conversely, Curcumin did not affect Fas, TRAIL, perforin, granzyme B at the mRNA level, and anti-apoptotic molecules sFas, sFasL and sTRAIL at the protein level. The present results suggest that curcumin supplementation increases cytotoxicity-related molecules granzyme A and granulysin in patients with HAM/TSP.

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