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           Search results for: CCN family member 3,Ccn3,Mouse,Mus musculus,Nephroblastoma-overexpressed gene protein homolog,Nov,NovH,Protein NOV homolog   

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Vascular Endothelial Cell-Specific Connective Tissue Growth Factor (CTGF) Is Necessary for Development of Chronic Hypoxia-Induced Pulmonary Hypertension.

Chronic hypoxia frequently complicates the care of patients with interstitial lung disease, contributing to the development of pulmonary hypertension (PH), and premature death. Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), a matricellular protein of the Cyr61/CTGF/Nov (CCN) family, is known to exacerbate vascular remodeling within the lung. We have previously demonstrated that vascular endothelial-cell specific down-regulation of CTGF is associated with protection against the development of PH associated with hypoxia, though the mechanism for this effect is unknown. In this study, we generated a transgenic mouse line in which the gene was floxed and deleted in vascular endothelial cells that expressed Cre recombinase under the control of VE-Cadherin promoter (eCTGF KO mice). Lack of vascular endothelial-derived CTGF protected against the development of PH secondary to chronic hypoxia, as well as in another model of bleomycin-induced pulmonary hypertension. Importantly, attenuation of PH was associated with a decrease in infiltrating inflammatory cells expressing CD11b or integrin α (ITGAM), a known adhesion receptor for CTGF, in the lungs of hypoxia-exposed eCTGF KO mice. Moreover, these pathological changes were associated with activation of-Rho GTPase family member-cell division control protein 42 homolog (Cdc42) signaling, known to be associated with alteration in endothelial barrier function. These data indicate that endothelial-specific deletion of CTGF results in protection against development of chronic-hypoxia induced PH. This protection is conferred by both a decrease in inflammatory cell recruitment to the lung, and a reduction in lung Cdc42 activity. Based on our studies, CTGF inhibitor treatment should be investigated in patients with PH associated with chronic hypoxia secondary to chronic lung disease.

2403 related Products with: Vascular Endothelial Cell-Specific Connective Tissue Growth Factor (CTGF) Is Necessary for Development of Chronic Hypoxia-Induced Pulmonary Hypertension.

Human Connective Tissue G Mouse Vascular Endothelia Human Endocrine Gland Vas Human Vascular Endothelia Human Vascular Endothelia Mouse Vascular Endothelia Mouse Vascular Endothelia Rat Vascular Endothelial Mouse Anti-Insulin-Like G Recombinant Human Vascula Human, Connective Tissue MOUSE ANTI BOVINE ROTAVIR

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Dickkopf homolog 1 mediates endothelin-1-stimulated new bone formation.

Tumor-produced endothelin-1 (ET-1) stimulates osteoblasts to form new bone and is an important mediator of osteoblastic bone metastasis. The anabolic actions of ET-1 in osteoblasts were investigated by gene microarray analyses of murine neonatal calvarial organ cultures. Targets of ET-1 action were validated by real-time RT-PCR in murine primary osteoblast cultures. IL-6, IL-11, the CCN (CYR61, CTGF, NOV) family members cysteine-rich protein 61 and connective tissue growth factor, inhibin beta-A, serum/glucocorticoid regulated kinase, receptor activator of nuclear factor kappaB ligand, snail homolog 1, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 3, and TG-interacting factor transcripts were increased by ET-1. ET-1 decreased the transcript for the Wnt signaling pathway inhibitor, dickkopf homolog 1 (Dkk1). Calvarial organ cultures treated with ET-1 had lower concentrations of DKK1 protein in conditioned media than control cultures. High DKK1 concentrations in bone marrow suppress bone formation in multiple myeloma. We hypothesized that the converse occurs in osteoblastic bone metastasis, where ET-1 stimulates osteoblast activity by reducing autocrine production of DKK1. Recombinant DKK1 blocked ET-1-mediated osteoblast proliferation and new bone formation in calvarial organ cultures, whereas a DKK1-neutralizing antibody increased osteoblast numbers and new bone formation. ET-1 directed nuclear translocation of beta-catenin in osteoblasts, indicating activation of the Wnt signaling pathway. The data suggest that ET-1 increases osteoblast proliferation and new bone formation by activating the Wnt signaling pathway through suppression of the Wnt pathway inhibitor DKK1.

2675 related Products with: Dickkopf homolog 1 mediates endothelin-1-stimulated new bone formation.

Bone Morphogenetic Protei Bone Morphogenetic Protei glial cells missing homol Vps20-associated 1 homolo Primary antibody Endothe alkaline phosphatase (liv DIP2 homolog B antibody S Rabbit Anti-Bone Sialopro Rabbit Anti-Bone Sialopro Rabbit Anti-Bone Sialopro Rabbit Anti-Bone Sialopro Rabbit Anti-Bone Sialopro

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Expression of the human NOV gene in first trimester fetal tissues.

NOV, located on human chromosome 8q24.1, was originally cloned following discovery of its avian homolog as a consequence of over-expression in virally induced nephroblastoma. The gene product is a secreted, modular, protein and a member of the CCN gene family. Evidence to date indicates that the expression of the wild type protein is associated with cellular quiescence in normal embryonic fibroblasts yet produces growth stimulatory effects on established murine NIH 3T3 cells. Here we report the expression of NOV in the first trimester of human embryogenesis, between 5 and 10 weeks. In situ hybridisation and immunohistochemistry reveal widespread expression in derivatives of all three germ layers. The most abundant sites of expression are in the motor neurons and floor plate of the spinal cord, adrenal cortex, fusing skeletal, and smooth muscle, the urogenital system and the developing heart. Additionally, expression is seen in the cranial ganglia, differentiating chondrocytes, gonads, and lung. The sites of expression suggest strongly that autocrine or paracrine expression of NOV is associated with the process of cell differentiation.

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DNA (cytosine 5) methyltr Human Epstein-Barr Virus Goat Anti-Human NOVA1, (i Anti AGO2 Human, Monoclon Anti AGO2 Human, Monoclon CELLKINES Natural Human I Human Interleukin-4 IL-4 Human Interleukin-6 IL-6 Human Interleukin-7 IL-7 Human Interleukin-2 IL-2 Human Macrophage Inflamma Human Macrophage Inflamma

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